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贵州十一选五怎么玩:黨的十九大報告中英文翻譯版本 Chinese-English Translation of the Report made by President Xi to the 19th National Congress of CPC_翻譯學習 Refresher_西安翻譯公司-西安天風翻譯咨詢有限公司-專業法律翻譯公司 - 贵州十一选五前三基本走势|贵州十一选五中奖价格表
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黨的十九大報告中英文翻譯版本 Chinese-English Translation of the Report made by President Xi to the 19th National Congress of CPC
發布時間:2017-11-17  閱讀次數:21780  字體大小: 【】 【】【

黨的十九大報告中英文翻譯版本

Chinese-English Translation of the Report made by President Xi to the 19th National Congress of CPC

  

決勝全面建成小康社會奪取新時代中國特色社會主義偉大勝利

Secure a Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Strive for the Great Success of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era

——在中國共產黨第十九次全國代表大會上的報告

(2017年10月18日)

Delivered at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China

October 18, 2017

習近平

Xi Jinping

同志們:

Comrades,

現在,我代表第十八屆中央委員會向大會作報告。

On behalf of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, I will now deliver a report to the 19th National Congress.

中國共產黨第十九次全國代表大會,是在全面建成小康社會決勝階段、中國特色社會主義進入新時代的關鍵時期召開的一次十分重要的大會。

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is a meeting of great importance taking place during the decisive stage in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and at a critical moment as socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era.

大會的主題是:不忘初心,牢記使命,高舉中國特色社會主義偉大旗幟,決勝全面建成小康社會,奪取新時代中國特色社會主義偉大勝利,為實現中華民族偉大復興的中國夢不懈奮斗。

The theme of the Congress is:  Remain true to our original aspiration and keep our mission firmly in mind, hold high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, secure a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, and work tirelessly to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.

不忘初心,方得始終。中國共產黨人的初心和使命,就是為中國人民謀幸福,為中華民族謀復興。這個初心和使命是激勵中國共產黨人不斷前進的根本動力。全黨同志一定要永遠與人民同呼吸、共命運、心連心,永遠把人民對美好生活的向往作為奮斗目標,以永不懈怠的精神狀態和一往無前的奮斗姿態,繼續朝著實現中華民族偉大復興的宏偉目標奮勇前進。

Never forget why you started, and you can accomplish your mission. The original aspiration and the mission of Chinese Communists is to seek happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation. This original aspiration, this mission, is what inspires Chinese Communists to advance. In our Party, each and every one of us must always breathe the same breath as the people, share the same future, and stay truly connected to them. The aspirations of the people to live a better life must always be the focus of our efforts. We must keep on striving with endless energy toward the great goal of national rejuvenation.

當前,國內外形勢正在發生深刻復雜變化,我國發展仍處于重要戰略機遇期,前景十分光明,挑戰也十分嚴峻。全黨同志一定要登高望遠、居安思危,勇于變革、勇于創新,永不僵化、永不停滯,團結帶領全國各族人民決勝全面建成小康社會,奮力奪取新時代中國特色社會主義偉大勝利。

Both China and the world are in the midst of profound and complex changes. China is still in an important period of strategic opportunity for development; the prospects are bright but the challenges are severe. All comrades must aim high and look far, be alert to dangers even in times of calm, have the courage to pursue reform and break new ground, and never become hardened to change or inactive. We will unite the Chinese people of all ethnic groups and lead them to a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and in the drive to secure the success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era.

一、過去五年的工作和歷史性變革

I. The Past Five Years: Our Work and Historic Change

十八大以來的五年,是黨和國家發展進程中極不平凡的五年。面對世界經濟復蘇乏力、局部沖突和動蕩頻發、全球性問題加劇的外部環境,面對我國經濟發展進入新常態等一系列深刻變化,我們堅持穩中求進工作總基調,迎難而上,開拓進取,取得了改革開放和社會主義現代化建設的歷史性成就。

The five years since the 18th National Congress have been a truly remarkable five years in the course of the development of the Party and the country. Outside China, we have been confronted with sluggish global economic recovery, frequent outbreaks of regional conflicts and disturbances, and intensifying global issues. At home, we have encountered profound changes as China has entered a new normal in economic development. We have upheld the underlying principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability, risen to challenges, pioneered and pushed ahead, and made historic achievements in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

為貫徹十八大精神,黨中央召開七次全會,分別就政府機構改革和職能轉變、全面深化改革、全面推進依法治國、制定“十三五”規劃、全面從嚴治黨等重大問題作出決定和部署。五年來,我們統籌推進“五位一體”總體布局、協調推進“四個全面”戰略布局,“十二五”規劃勝利完成,“十三五”規劃順利實施,黨和國家事業全面開創新局面。

To put the guiding principles from our 18th National Congress into action, the Party Central Committee has held seven plenary sessions. There, decisions and plans were made on issues of major importance, from reforming the institutions and transforming the functions of government to deepening reform in all areas, advancing law-based governance, formulating the 13th Five-Year Plan, and seeing governance over the Party is exercised fully and with rigor. In the past five years, we have implemented the five-sphere integrated plan and the four-pronged comprehensive strategy, fulfilled the goals of the 12th Five-Year Plan, and made smooth progress in implementing the 13th Five-Year Plan. On all fronts new advances have been made for the cause of the Party and the country.

經濟建設取得重大成就。堅定不移貫徹新發展理念,堅決端正發展觀念、轉變發展方式,發展質量和效益不斷提升。經濟保持中高速增長,在世界主要國家中名列前茅,國內生產總值從五十四萬億元增長到八十萬億元,穩居世界第二,對世界經濟增長貢獻率超過百分之三十。供給側結構性改革深入推進,經濟結構不斷優化,數字經濟等新興產業蓬勃發展,高鐵、公路、橋梁、港口、機場等基礎設施建設快速推進。農業現代化穩步推進,糧食生產能力達到一萬二千億斤。城鎮化率年均提高一點二個百分點,八千多萬農業轉移人口成為城鎮居民。區域發展協調性增強,“一帶一路”建設、京津冀協同發展、長江經濟帶發展成效顯著。創新驅動發展戰略大力實施,創新型國家建設成果豐碩,天宮、蛟龍、天眼、悟空、墨子、大飛機等重大科技成果相繼問世。南海島礁建設積極推進??判途瞇綠逯浦鴆澆∪?,對外貿易、對外投資、外匯儲備穩居世界前列。

We have made major achievements in economic development. We have remained committed to the new development philosophy, adopted the right approach to development, and endeavored to transform the growth model. The result has been a constant improvement in the quality and effect of development. The economy has maintained a medium-high growth rate, making China a leader among the major economies. With the gross domestic product rising from 54 trillion to 80 trillion yuan, China has maintained its position as the world’s second largest economy and contributed more than 30 percent of global economic growth. Supply-side structural reform has made further headway, bringing a steady improvement in the economic structure. Emerging industries like the digital economy are thriving; the construction of high-speed railways, highways, bridges, ports, airports, and other types of infrastructure has picked up pace. Agricultural modernization has steadily advanced, with annual grain production reaching 600 million metric tons. The level of urbanization has risen by an annual average of 1.2 percentage points, and more than 80 million people who have moved from rural to urban areas have gained permanent urban residency. Regional development has become more balanced; the Belt and Road Initiative, the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, and the development of the Yangtze Economic Belt have all made notable progress. Through devoting great energy to implementing the innovation-driven development strategy, we have seen much accomplished toward making China a country of innovators, with major advances made in science and technology, including the successful launch of Tiangong-2 space lab, the commissioning of the deep-sea manned submersible Jiaolong and of the five-hundred-meter aperture spherical telescope (FAST) Tianyan, the launch of the dark matter probe satellite Wukong and the quantum science satellite Mozi, and the test flight of the airliner C919. Construction on islands and reefs in the South China Sea has seen steady progress. The new institutions of the open economy have been steadily improved. China now leads the world in trade, outbound investment, and foreign exchange reserves.

全面深化改革取得重大突破。蹄疾步穩推進全面深化改革,堅決破除各方面體制機制弊端。改革全面發力、多點突破、縱深推進,著力增強改革系統性、整體性、協同性,壓茬拓展改革廣度和深度,推出一千五百多項改革舉措,重要領域和關鍵環節改革取得突破性進展,主要領域改革主體框架基本確立。中國特色社會主義制度更加完善,國家治理體系和治理能力現代化水平明顯提高,全社會發展活力和創新活力明顯增強。

We have made major breakthroughs in deepening reform. We have taken comprehensive steps to deepen reform swiftly but steadily, and worked with resolve to remove institutional barriers in all areas. We have taken moves across the board, achieved breakthroughs in many areas, and made further progress in reform. We have pursued reform in a more systematic, holistic, and coordinated way, increasing its coverage and depth. Thanks to the launch of over 1,500 reform measures, breakthroughs have been made in key areas, and general frameworks for reform have been established in major fields. The system of socialism with Chinese characteristics has been further improved, with notable progress made in modernizing China’s system and capacity for governance. Throughout society, development is full of vitality and is driven by greater creativity.

民主法治建設邁出重大步伐?;⒄股緇嶂饕迕裰髡?,推進全面依法治國,黨的領導、人民當家作主、依法治國有機統一的制度建設全面加強,黨的領導體制機制不斷完善,社會主義民主不斷發展,黨內民主更加廣泛,社會主義協商民主全面展開,愛國統一戰線鞏固發展,民族宗教工作創新推進??蒲Я⒎?、嚴格執法、公正司法、全民守法深入推進,法治國家、法治政府、法治社會建設相互促進,中國特色社會主義法治體系日益完善,全社會法治觀念明顯增強。國家監察體制改革試點取得實效,行政體制改革、司法體制改革、權力運行制約和監督體系建設有效實施。

We have taken major steps in developing democracy and the rule of law. We have actively developed socialist democracy and advanced law-based governance. We have stepped up institution building across the board to make integrated advances in Party leadership, the running of the country by the people, and law-based governance; and we have continuously improved the institutions and mechanisms by which the Party exercises leadership. Steady progress has been made in enhancing socialist democracy; intraparty democracy has been expanded, and socialist consultative democracy is flourishing. The patriotic united front has been consolidated and developed, and new approaches have been adopted for work related to ethnic and religious affairs. Further progress has been made in ensuring our legislation is sound, law enforcement is strict, the administration of justice is impartial, and the law is observed by everyone. Our efforts to build a country, government, and society based on the rule of law have been mutually reinforcing; the system of distinctively Chinese socialist rule of law has been steadily improved; and public awareness of the rule of law has risen markedly. Good progress has been made in piloting the reform of the national supervision system, and effective measures have been taken to reform the system of government administration and the judicial system, and to develop systems to apply checks and oversight over the exercise of power.

思想文化建設取得重大進展。加強黨對意識形態工作的領導,黨的理論創新全面推進,馬克思主義在意識形態領域的指導地位更加鮮明,中國特色社會主義和中國夢深入人心,社會主義核心價值觀和中華優秀傳統文化廣泛弘揚,群眾性精神文明創建活動扎實開展。公共文化服務水平不斷提高,文藝創作持續繁榮,文化事業和文化產業蓬勃發展,互聯網建設管理運用不斷完善,全民健身和競技體育全面發展。主旋律更加響亮,正能量更加強勁,文化自信得到彰顯,國家文化軟實力和中華文化影響力大幅提升,全黨全社會思想上的團結統一更加鞏固。

We have made significant advances on the theoretical and cultural fronts. We have strengthened Party leadership over ideological work and explored new ground in advancing Party related theories. The importance of Marxism as a guiding ideology is better appreciated. Socialism with Chinese characteristics and the Chinese Dream have been embraced by our people. Core socialist values and fine traditional Chinese culture are alive in the people’s hearts. Initiatives to improve public etiquette and ethical standards have proved successful. Public cultural services have been improved; art and literature are thriving, and cultural programs and industries are going strong. The development, administration, and functioning of internet services have been enhanced. Fitness-for-All programs and competitive sports have seen extensive development. Our country’s underlying values hold greater appeal than ever before, and the wave of positive energy felt throughout society is building. We, the Chinese people, have greater confidence in our own culture. China’s cultural soft power and the international influence of Chinese culture have increased significantly. There is greater unity in thinking both within the Party and throughout society.

人民生活不斷改善。深入貫徹以人民為中心的發展思想,一大批惠民舉措落地實施,人民獲得感顯著增強。脫貧攻堅戰取得決定性進展,六千多萬貧困人口穩定脫貧,貧困發生率從百分之十點二下降到百分之四以下。教育事業全面發展,中西部和農村教育明顯加強。就業狀況持續改善,城鎮新增就業年均一千三百萬人以上。城鄉居民收入增速超過經濟增速,中等收入群體持續擴大。覆蓋城鄉居民的社會保障體系基本建立,人民健康和醫療衛生水平大幅提高,保障性住房建設穩步推進。社會治理體系更加完善,社會大局保持穩定,國家安全全面加強。

We have steadily improved living standards. Our vision of making development people-centered has been acted on, a whole raft of initiatives to benefit the people has seen implementation, and the people’s sense of fulfillment has grown stronger. Decisive progress has been made in the fight against poverty: more than 60 million people have been lifted out of poverty, and the poverty headcount ratio has dropped from 10.2 percent to less than 4 percent. All-round progress has been made in the development of education, with remarkable advances made in the central and western regions and in rural areas. Employment has registered steady growth, with an average of over 13 million urban jobs created each year. Growth of urban and rural personal incomes has outpaced economic growth, and the middle-income group has been expanding. A social security system covering both urban and rural residents has taken shape; both public health and medical services have improved markedly. Solid progress has been made in building government-subsidized housing projects to ensure basic needs are met. Social governance systems have been improved; law and order has been maintained; and national security has been fully enhanced.

生態文明建設成效顯著。大力度推進生態文明建設,全黨全國貫徹綠色發展理念的自覺性和主動性顯著增強,忽視生態環境?;さ淖純雒饗愿謀?。生態文明制度體系加快形成,主體功能區制度逐步健全,國家公園體制試點積極推進。全面節約資源有效推進,能源資源消耗強度大幅下降。重大生態?;ず托薷垂こ探顧忱?,森林覆蓋率持續提高。生態環境治理明顯加強,環境狀況得到改善。引導應對氣候變化國際合作,成為全球生態文明建設的重要參與者、貢獻者、引領者。

We have made notable progress in building an ecological civilization. We have devoted serious energy to ecological conservation. As a result, the entire Party and the whole country have become more purposeful and active in pursuing green development, and there has been a clear shift away from the tendency to neglect ecological and environmental protection. Efforts to develop a system for building an ecological civilization have been accelerated; the system of functional zoning has been steadily improved; and progress has been made in piloting the national park system. Across-the-board efforts to conserve resources have seen encouraging progress; the intensity of energy and resource consumption has been significantly reduced. Smooth progress has been made in major ecological conservation and restoration projects; and forest coverage has been increased. Ecological and environmental governance has been significantly strengthened, leading to marked improvements in the environment. Taking a driving seat in international cooperation to respond to climate change, China has become an important participant, contributor, and torchbearer in the global endeavor for ecological civilization.

強軍興軍開創新局面。著眼于實現中國夢強軍夢,制定新形勢下軍事戰略方針,全力推進國防和軍隊現代化。召開古田全軍政治工作會議,恢復和發揚我黨我軍光榮傳統和優良作風,人民軍隊政治生態得到有效治理。國防和軍隊改革取得歷史性突破,形成軍委管總、戰區主戰、軍種主建新格局,人民軍隊組織架構和力量體系實現革命性重塑。加強練兵備戰,有效遂行海上維權、反恐維穩、搶險救災、國際維和、亞丁灣護航、人道主義救援等重大任務,武器裝備加快發展,軍事斗爭準備取得重大進展。人民軍隊在中國特色強軍之路上邁出堅定步伐。

We have initiated a new stage in strengthening and revitalizing the armed forces. With a view to realizing the Chinese Dream and the dream of building a powerful military, we have developed a strategy for the military under new circumstances, and have made every effort to modernize national defense and the armed forces. We convened the Gutian military political work meeting to revive and pass on the proud traditions and fine conduct of our Party and our armed forces, and have seen a strong improvement in the political ecosystem of the people’s forces. Historic breakthroughs have been made in reforming national defense and the armed forces: a new military structure has been established with the Central Military Commission exercising overall leadership, the theater commands responsible for military operations, and the services focusing on developing capabilities. This represents a revolutionary restructuring of the organization and the services of the people’s armed forces. We have strengthened military training and war preparedness, and undertaken major missions related to the protection of maritime rights, countering terrorism, maintaining stability, disaster rescue and relief, international peacekeeping, escort services in the Gulf of Aden, and humanitarian assistance. We have stepped up weapons and equipment development, and made major progress in enhancing military preparedness. The people’s armed forces have taken solid strides on the path of building a powerful military with Chinese characteristics.

港澳臺工作取得新進展。全面準確貫徹“一國兩制”方針,牢牢掌握憲法和基本法賦予的中央對香港、澳門全面管治權,深化內地和港澳地區交流合作,保持香港、澳門繁榮穩定。堅持一個中國原則和“九二共識”,推動兩岸關系和平發展,加強兩岸經濟文化交流合作,實現兩岸領導人歷史性會晤。妥善應對臺灣局勢變化,堅決反對和遏制“臺獨”分裂勢力,有力維護臺海和平穩定。

We have made fresh progress in work related to Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan. We have fully and faithfully implemented the principle of “one country, two systems,” and ensured that the central government exercises its overall jurisdiction over Hong Kong and Macao as mandated by China’s Constitution and the basic laws of the two special administrative regions. We have thus boosted exchanges and cooperation between the mainland and the two regions and maintained prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao. We have upheld the one-China principle and the 1992 Consensus, promoted the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, strengthened cross-Straits economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, and held a historic meeting between the leaders of the two sides. We have responded as appropriate to the political developments in Taiwan, resolutely opposed and deterred separatist elements advocating “Taiwan independence,” and vigorously safeguarded peace and stability in the Taiwan Straits.

全方位外交布局深入展開。全面推進中國特色大國外交,形成全方位、多層次、立體化的外交布局,為我國發展營造了良好外部條件。實施共建“一帶一路”倡議,發起創辦亞洲基礎設施投資銀行,設立絲路基金,舉辦首屆“一帶一路”國際合作高峰論壇、亞太經合組織領導人非正式會議、二十國集團領導人杭州峰會、金磚國家領導人廈門會晤、亞信峰會。倡導構建人類命運共同體,促進全球治理體系變革。我國國際影響力、感召力、塑造力進一步提高,為世界和平與發展作出新的重大貢獻。

We have made further progress in China’s diplomacy on all fronts. We have made all-round efforts in the pursuit of major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, thus advancing China’s diplomatic agenda in a comprehensive, multilevel, multifaceted way and creating a favorable external environment for China’s development. We have jointly pursued the Belt and Road Initiative, initiated the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, set up the Silk Road Fund, and hosted the First Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, the 22nd APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting, the G20 2016 Summit in Hangzhou, the BRICS Summit in Xiamen, and the Fourth Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia. China champions the development of a community with a shared future for mankind, and has encouraged the evolution of the global governance system. With this we have seen a further rise in China’s international influence, ability to inspire, and power to shape; and China has made great new contributions to global peace and development.

全面從嚴治黨成效卓著。全面加強黨的領導和黨的建設,堅決改變管黨治黨寬松軟狀況。推動全黨尊崇黨章,增強政治意識、大局意識、核心意識、看齊意識,堅決維護黨中央權威和集中統一領導,嚴明黨的政治紀律和政治規矩,層層落實管黨治黨政治責任。堅持照鏡子、正衣冠、洗洗澡、治治病的要求,開展黨的群眾路線教育實踐活動和“三嚴三實”專題教育,推進“兩學一做”學習教育常態化制度化,全黨理想信念更加堅定、黨性更加堅強。貫徹新時期好干部標準,選人用人狀況和風氣明顯好轉。黨的建設制度改革深入推進,黨內法規制度體系不斷完善。把紀律挺在前面,著力解決人民群眾反映最強烈、對黨的執政基礎威脅最大的突出問題。出臺中央八項規定,嚴厲整治形式主義、官僚主義、享樂主義和奢靡之風,堅決反對特權。巡視利劍作用彰顯,實現中央和省級黨委巡視全覆蓋。堅持反腐敗無禁區、全覆蓋、零容忍,堅定不移“打虎”、“拍蠅”、“獵狐”,不敢腐的目標初步實現,不能腐的籠子越扎越牢,不想腐的堤壩正在構筑,反腐敗斗爭壓倒性態勢已經形成并鞏固發展。

We have achieved remarkable outcomes in ensuring full and strict governance over the Party. We have made sweeping efforts to strengthen Party leadership and Party building, and taken strong action to transform lax and weak governance over the Party. We encourage all Party members to hold the Party Constitution in great esteem. We urge them to strengthen their consciousness of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment, and to uphold the authority of the Central Committee and its centralized, unified leadership. We have tightened political discipline and rules to ensure that political responsibility for governance over the Party is fulfilled at each level of the Party organization. We have committed to “examining ourselves in the mirror, tidying our attire, taking a bath, and treating our ailments,” launched activities to see members command and act on the Party’s mass line, and initiated a campaign for the observance of the Three Stricts and Three Earnests. We have regularized and institutionalized the requirement for all Party members to have a solid understanding of the Party Constitution, Party regulations, and related major policy addresses and to meet Party standards. As a result, the ideals and convictions of all Party members have been strengthened and their sense of Party consciousness has deepened. We have adopted standards fitting for a new era to assess the caliber of officials, and achieved a notable improvement in the way officials are selected and appointed. Further advances have been made in the reform of the institutional framework for Party building, and continuous improvements have been made to the system of Party regulations. We have given top priority to ensuring compliance with Party discipline, and tackled the prominent problems that prompt the strongest public reaction and that threaten to erode the very foundation of the Party’s governance. We adopted the eight-point decision on improving Party and government conduct, have taken tough action against the practice of formalities for formalities’ sake, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance, and have staunchly opposed privilege seeking. Disciplinary inspections have cut like a blade through corruption and misconduct; they have covered every Party committee in all departments at the central and provincial levels. No place has been out of bounds, no ground left unturned, and no tolerance shown in the fight against corruption. We have taken firm action to “take out tigers,” “swat flies,” and “hunt down foxes.” The goal of creating a deterrent against corruption has been initially attained; the cage of institutions that prevents corruption has been strengthened; and moral defenses against corruption are in the making. The anti-corruption campaign has built into a crushing tide, and is being consolidated and developed.

五年來的成就是全方位的、開創性的,五年來的變革是深層次的、根本性的。五年來,我們黨以巨大的政治勇氣和強烈的責任擔當,提出一系列新理念新思想新戰略,出臺一系列重大方針政策,推出一系列重大舉措,推進一系列重大工作,解決了許多長期想解決而沒有解決的難題,辦成了許多過去想辦而沒有辦成的大事,推動黨和國家事業發生歷史性變革。這些歷史性變革,對黨和國家事業發展具有重大而深遠的影響。

The achievements of the past five years have touched every area and broken new ground; the changes in China over the past five years have been profound and fundamental. For five years, our Party has demonstrated tremendous political courage and a powerful sense of mission as it has developed new ideas, new thinking, and new strategies, adopted a raft of major principles and policies, launched a host of major initiatives, and pushed ahead with many major tasks. We have solved many tough problems that were long on the agenda but never resolved, and accomplished many things that were wanted but never got done. With this, we have prompted historic shifts in the cause of the Party and the country. These historic changes will have a powerful and far-reaching effect on the development of this cause.

五年來,我們勇于面對黨面臨的重大風險考驗和黨內存在的突出問題,以頑強意志品質正風肅紀、反腐懲惡,消除了黨和國家內部存在的嚴重隱患,黨內政治生活氣象更新,黨內政治生態明顯好轉,黨的創造力、凝聚力、戰斗力顯著增強,黨的團結統一更加鞏固,黨群關系明顯改善,黨在革命性鍛造中更加堅強,煥發出新的強大生機活力,為黨和國家事業發展提供了堅強政治保證。

Over the past five years, we have acted with courage to confront major risks and tests facing the Party and to address prominent problems within the Party itself. With firm resolve, we have tightened discipline and improved Party conduct, fought corruption and punished wrongdoing, and removed serious potential dangers in the Party and the country. As a result, both the intraparty political atmosphere and the political ecosystem of the Party have improved markedly. The Party’s ability to innovate, power to unite, and energy to fight have all been significantly strengthened; Party solidarity and unity have been reinforced, and our engagement with the people has been greatly improved. Revolutionary tempering has made our Party stronger and it now radiates with great vitality. With this, efforts to develop the cause of the Party and the country have gained a strong political underpinning.

同時,必須清醒看到,我們的工作還存在許多不足,也面臨不少困難和挑戰。主要是:發展不平衡不充分的一些突出問題尚未解決,發展質量和效益還不高,創新能力不夠強,實體經濟水平有待提高,生態環境?;と沃氐澇?;民生領域還有不少短板,脫貧攻堅任務艱巨,城鄉區域發展和收入分配差距依然較大,群眾在就業、教育、醫療、居住、養老等方面面臨不少難題;社會文明水平尚需提高;社會矛盾和問題交織疊加,全面依法治國任務依然繁重,國家治理體系和治理能力有待加強;意識形態領域斗爭依然復雜,國家安全面臨新情況;一些改革部署和重大政策措施需要進一步落實;黨的建設方面還存在不少薄弱環節。這些問題,必須著力加以解決。

But we must be very clear: There are still many inadequacies in our work and many difficulties and challenges to face. The main ones are as follows. Some acute problems caused by unbalanced and inadequate development await solutions; and the quality and effect of development are not what they should be. China’s ability to innovate needs to be stronger, the real economy awaits improvement, and we have a long way to go in protecting the environment. In work on public wellbeing there are still many areas where we fall short; and poverty alleviation remains a formidable task. There are still large disparities in development between rural and urban areas, between regions, and in income distribution; and our people face many difficulties in employment, education, healthcare, housing, and elderly care. The level of civic-mindedness needs further improvement. Social tensions and problems are intertwined, much remains to be done in seeing the country’s governance is based in law, and China’s system and capacity for governance need to be further strengthened. Ideological struggle is still complicated, and in national security we face new developments. Some reform plans and major policies and measures need to be better implemented. Many dimensions of Party building remain weak. These are all problems that demand our full attention to resolve.

五年來的成就,是黨中央堅強領導的結果,更是全黨全國各族人民共同奮斗的結果。我代表中共中央,向全國各族人民,向各民主黨派、各人民團體和各界愛國人士,向香港特別行政區同胞、澳門特別行政區同胞和臺灣同胞以及廣大僑胞,向關心和支持中國現代化建設的各國朋友,表示衷心的感謝!

The achievements of the past five years are the result of the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee, and, more importantly, the result of all Party members and all the Chinese people pulling together in their pursuit. On behalf of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, I express our heartfelt thanks to the people of all ethnic groups, to all other political parties, to people’s organizations, and patriotic figures from all sectors of society, to our fellow countrymen and women in the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions and in Taiwan, to overseas Chinese, and to all our friends from around the world who have shown understanding and support for China’s modernization.

同志們!改革開放之初,我們黨發出了走自己的路、建設中國特色社會主義的偉大號召。從那時以來,我們黨團結帶領全國各族人民不懈奮斗,推動我國經濟實力、科技實力、國防實力、綜合國力進入世界前列,推動我國國際地位實現前所未有的提升,黨的面貌、國家的面貌、人民的面貌、軍隊的面貌、中華民族的面貌發生了前所未有的變化,中華民族正以嶄新姿態屹立于世界的東方。

Comrades,

In the early days of reform and opening up, the Party made a clarion call for us to take a path of our own and build socialism with Chinese characteristics. Since that time, the Party has united and led all the Chinese people in a tireless struggle, propelling China into a leading position in terms of economic and technological strength, defense capabilities, and composite national strength. China’s international standing has risen as never before. Our Party, our country, our people, our forces, and our nation have changed in ways without precedent. The Chinese nation, with an entirely new posture, now stands tall and firm in the East.

經過長期努力,中國特色社會主義進入了新時代,這是我國發展新的歷史方位。

With decades of hard work, socialism with Chinese characteristics has crossed the threshold into a new era. This is a new historic juncture in China’s development.

中國特色社會主義進入新時代,意味著近代以來久經磨難的中華民族迎來了從站起來、富起來到強起來的偉大飛躍,迎來了實現中華民族偉大復興的光明前景;意味著科學社會主義在二十一世紀的中國煥發出強大生機活力,在世界上高高舉起了中國特色社會主義偉大旗幟;意味著中國特色社會主義道路、理論、制度、文化不斷發展,拓展了發展中國家走向現代化的途徑,給世界上那些既希望加快發展又希望保持自身獨立性的國家和民族提供了全新選擇,為解決人類問題貢獻了中國智慧和中國方案。

This is what socialism with Chinese characteristics entering a new era means: The Chinese nation, which since modern times began had endured so much for so long, has achieved a tremendous transformation: it has stood up, grown rich, and is becoming strong; it has come to embrace the brilliant prospects of rejuvenation. It means that scientific socialism is full of vitality in 21st century China, and that the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics is now flying high and proud for all to see. It means that the path, the theory, the system, and the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics have kept developing, blazing a new trail for other developing countries to achieve modernization. It offers a new option for other countries and nations who want to speed up their development while preserving their independence; and it offers Chinese wisdom and a Chinese approach to solving the problems facing mankind.

這個新時代,是承前啟后、繼往開來、在新的歷史條件下繼續奪取中國特色社會主義偉大勝利的時代,是決勝全面建成小康社會、進而全面建設社會主義現代化強國的時代,是全國各族人民團結奮斗、不斷創造美好生活、逐步實現全體人民共同富裕的時代,是全體中華兒女勠力同心、奮力實現中華民族偉大復興中國夢的時代,是我國日益走近世界舞臺中央、不斷為人類作出更大貢獻的時代。

This new era will be an era of building on past successes to further advance our cause, and of continuing in a new historical context to strive for the success of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It will be an era of securing a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and of moving on to all-out efforts to build a great modern socialist country. It will be an era for the Chinese people of all ethnic groups to work together and work hard to create a better life for themselves and ultimately achieve common prosperity for everyone. It will be an era for all of us, the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation, to strive with one heart to realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation. It will be an era that sees China moving closer to center stage and making greater contributions to mankind.

中國特色社會主義進入新時代,我國社會主要矛盾已經轉化為人民日益增長的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的發展之間的矛盾。我國穩定解決了十幾億人的溫飽問題,總體上實現小康,不久將全面建成小康社會,人民美好生活需要日益廣泛,不僅對物質文化生活提出了更高要求,而且在民主、法治、公平、正義、安全、環境等方面的要求日益增長。同時,我國社會生產力水平總體上顯著提高,社會生產能力在很多方面進入世界前列,更加突出的問題是發展不平衡不充分,這已經成為滿足人民日益增長的美好生活需要的主要制約因素。

As socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, the principal contradiction facing Chinese society has evolved. What we now face is the contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life. China has seen the basic needs of over a billion people met, has basically made it possible for people to live decent lives, and will soon bring the building of a moderately prosperous society to a successful completion. The needs to be met for the people to live better lives are increasingly broad. Not only have their material and cultural needs grown; their demands for democracy, rule of law, fairness and justice, security, and a better environment are increasing. At the same time, China’s overall productive forces have significantly improved and in many areas our production capacity leads the world. The more prominent problem is that our development is unbalanced and inadequate. This has become the main constraining factor in meeting the people’s increasing needs for a better life.

必須認識到,我國社會主要矛盾的變化是關系全局的歷史性變化,對黨和國家工作提出了許多新要求。我們要在繼續推動發展的基礎上,著力解決好發展不平衡不充分問題,大力提升發展質量和效益,更好滿足人民在經濟、政治、文化、社會、生態等方面日益增長的需要,更好推動人的全面發展、社會全面進步。

We must recognize that the evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society represents a historic shift that affects the whole landscape and that creates many new demands for the work of the Party and the country. Building on continued efforts to sustain development, we must devote great energy to addressing development’s imbalances and inadequacies, and push hard to improve the quality and effect of development. With this, we will be better placed to meet the ever-growing economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological needs of our people, and to promote well-rounded human development and all-round social progress.

必須認識到,我國社會主要矛盾的變化,沒有改變我們對我國社會主義所處歷史階段的判斷,我國仍處于并將長期處于社會主義初級階段的基本國情沒有變,我國是世界最大發展中國家的國際地位沒有變。全黨要牢牢把握社會主義初級階段這個基本國情,牢牢立足社會主義初級階段這個最大實際,牢牢堅持黨的基本路線這個黨和國家的生命線、人民的幸福線,領導和團結全國各族人民,以經濟建設為中心,堅持四項基本原則,堅持改革開放,自力更生,艱苦創業,為把我國建設成為富強民主文明和諧美麗的社會主義現代化強國而奮斗。

We must recognize that the evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society does not change our assessment of the present stage of socialism in China. The basic dimension of the Chinese context—that our country is still and will long remain in the primary stage of socialism—has not changed. China’s international status as the world’s largest developing country has not changed. The whole Party must be completely clear about this fundamental dimension of our national context, and must base our work on this most important reality—the primary stage of socialism. We must remain fully committed to the Party’s basic line as the source that keeps the Party and the country going and that brings happiness to the people. We must lead and unite the Chinese people of all ethnic groups in fulfilling the central task of economic development. We must uphold the Four Cardinal Principles, continue to reform and open up, be self-reliant, hardworking, and enterprising, and strive to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful.

同志們!中國特色社會主義進入新時代,在中華人民共和國發展史上、中華民族發展史上具有重大意義,在世界社會主義發展史上、人類社會發展史上也具有重大意義。全黨要堅定信心、奮發有為,讓中國特色社會主義展現出更加強大的生命力!

Comrades,

Chinese socialism’s entrance into a new era is, in the history of the development of the People’s Republic of China and the history of the development of the Chinese nation, of tremendous importance. In the history of the development of international socialism and the history of the development of human society, it is of tremendous importance. Our entire Party should develop unshakeable confidence, work hard and work well to see socialism with Chinese characteristics display even stronger vitality.

二、新時代中國共產黨的歷史使命

II. The New Era: The Historic Mission of the Communist Party of China

一百年前,十月革命一聲炮響,給中國送來了馬克思列寧主義。中國先進分子從馬克思列寧主義的科學真理中看到了解決中國問題的出路。在近代以后中國社會的劇烈運動中,在中國人民反抗封建統治和外來侵略的激烈斗爭中,在馬克思列寧主義同中國工人運動的結合過程中,一九二一年中國共產黨應運而生。從此,中國人民謀求民族獨立、人民解放和國家富強、人民幸福的斗爭就有了主心骨,中國人民就從精神上由被動轉為主動。

A hundred years ago, the salvoes of the October Revolution brought Marxism-Leninism to China. In the scientific truth of Marxism-Leninism, Chinese progressives saw a solution to China’s problems. With the advent of modern times, Chinese society became embroiled in intense upheavals; this was a time of fierce struggle as the Chinese people resisted feudal rule and foreign aggression. It was in the midst of this, in 1921, as Marxism-Leninism was integrated with the Chinese workers’ movement, that the Communist Party of China was born. From that moment on, the Chinese people have had in the Party a backbone for their pursuit of national independence and liberation, of a stronger and more prosperous country, and of their own happiness; and the mindset of the Chinese people has changed, from passivity to taking the initiative.

中華民族有五千多年的文明歷史,創造了燦爛的中華文明,為人類作出了卓越貢獻,成為世界上偉大的民族。鴉片戰爭后,中國陷入內憂外患的黑暗境地,中國人民經歷了戰亂頻仍、山河破碎、民不聊生的深重苦難。為了民族復興,無數仁人志士不屈不撓、前仆后繼,進行了可歌可泣的斗爭,進行了各式各樣的嘗試,但終究未能改變舊中國的社會性質和中國人民的悲慘命運。

With a history of more than 5,000 years, our nation created a splendid civilization, made remarkable contributions to mankind, and became one of the world’s great nations. But with the Opium War of 1840, China was plunged into the darkness of domestic turmoil and foreign aggression; its people, ravaged by war, saw their homeland torn apart and lived in poverty and despair. With tenacity and heroism, countless dedicated patriots fought, pressed ahead against the odds, and tried every possible means to seek the nation’s salvation. But despite their efforts, they were powerless to change the nature of society in old China and the plight of the Chinese people.

實現中華民族偉大復興是近代以來中華民族最偉大的夢想。中國共產黨一經成立,就把實現共產主義作為黨的最高理想和最終目標,義無反顧肩負起實現中華民族偉大復興的歷史使命,團結帶領人民進行了艱苦卓絕的斗爭,譜寫了氣吞山河的壯麗史詩。

National rejuvenation has been the greatest dream of the Chinese people since modern times began. At its founding, the Communist Party of China made realizing Communism its highest ideal and its ultimate goal, and shouldered the historic mission of national rejuvenation. In pursuing this goal, the Party has united the Chinese people and led them through arduous struggles to epic accomplishments.

我們黨深刻認識到,實現中華民族偉大復興,必須推翻壓在中國人民頭上的帝國主義、封建主義、官僚資本主義三座大山,實現民族獨立、人民解放、國家統一、社會穩定。我們黨團結帶領人民找到了一條以農村包圍城市、武裝奪取政權的正確革命道路,進行了二十八年浴血奮戰,完成了新民主主義革命,一九四九年建立了中華人民共和國,實現了中國從幾千年封建專制政治向人民民主的偉大飛躍。

Our Party was deeply aware that, to achieve national rejuvenation, it was critical to topple the three mountains of imperialism, feudalism, and bureaucrat-capitalism that were oppressing the Chinese people, and realize China’s independence, the people’s liberation, national reunification, and social stability. Our Party united the people and led them in embarking on the right revolutionary path, using rural areas to encircle the cities and seizing state power with military force. We completed the New Democratic Revolution through 28 years of painful struggle, and founded the People’s Republic of China in 1949, thus marking China’s great transition from a millennia-old feudal autocracy to a people’s democracy.

我們黨深刻認識到,實現中華民族偉大復興,必須建立符合我國實際的先進社會制度。我們黨團結帶領人民完成社會主義革命,確立社會主義基本制度,推進社會主義建設,完成了中華民族有史以來最為廣泛而深刻的社會變革,為當代中國一切發展進步奠定了根本政治前提和制度基礎,實現了中華民族由近代不斷衰落到根本扭轉命運、持續走向繁榮富強的偉大飛躍。

Our Party was deeply aware that, to achieve national rejuvenation, it was essential to establish an advanced social system that fits China’s reality. It united the people and led them in completing socialist revolution, establishing socialism as China’s basic system, and advancing socialist construction. This completed the broadest and most profound social transformation in the history of the Chinese nation. It created the fundamental political conditions and the institutional

foundation for achieving all development and progress in China today. Thus was made a great transition: The Chinese nation reversed its fate from the continuous decline of modern times to steady progress toward prosperity and strength.

我們黨深刻認識到,實現中華民族偉大復興,必須合乎時代潮流、順應人民意愿,勇于改革開放,讓黨和人民事業始終充滿奮勇前進的強大動力。我們黨團結帶領人民進行改革開放新的偉大革命,破除阻礙國家和民族發展的一切思想和體制障礙,開辟了中國特色社會主義道路,使中國大踏步趕上時代。

Our Party was deeply aware that, to achieve national rejuvenation, it was imperative to follow the tide of the times, respond to the wishes of the people, and have the courage to reform and open; and this awareness created a powerful force for advancing the cause of the Party and the people. Our Party united the people and led them in launching the great new revolution of reform and opening up, in removing all ideological and institutional barriers to our country and nation’s development, and in embarking on the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Thus was China able to stride ahead to catch up with the times.

九十六年來,為了實現中華民族偉大復興的歷史使命,無論是弱小還是強大,無論是順境還是逆境,我們黨都初心不改、矢志不渝,團結帶領人民歷經千難萬險,付出巨大犧牲,敢于面對曲折,勇于修正錯誤,攻克了一個又一個看似不可攻克的難關,創造了一個又一個彪炳史冊的人間奇跡。

Over the past 96 years, to accomplish the historic mission of national rejuvenation, whether in times of weakness or strength, whether in times of adversity or smooth sailing, our Party has never forgotten its founding mission, nor wavered in its pursuit. It has united the people and led them in conquering countless challenges, making enormous sacrifices, meeting setbacks squarely, and courageously righting wrongs. Thus we have, time and again, overcome the seemingly insurmountable and created miracle upon miracle.

同志們!今天,我們比歷史上任何時期都更接近、更有信心和能力實現中華民族偉大復興的目標。

Comrades,

Today, we are closer, more confident, and more capable than ever before of making the goal of national rejuvenation a reality.

行百里者半九十。中華民族偉大復興,絕不是輕輕松松、敲鑼打鼓就能實現的。全黨必須準備付出更為艱巨、更為艱苦的努力。

As the Chinese saying goes, the last leg of a journey marks the halfway point. Achieving national rejuvenation will be no walk in the park; it will take more than drum beating and gong clanging to get there. Every one of us in the Party must be prepared to work even harder toward this goal.

實現偉大夢想,必須進行偉大斗爭。社會是在矛盾運動中前進的,有矛盾就會有斗爭。我們黨要團結帶領人民有效應對重大挑戰、抵御重大風險、克服重大阻力、解決重大矛盾,必須進行具有許多新的歷史特點的偉大斗爭,任何貪圖享受、消極懈怠、回避矛盾的思想和行為都是錯誤的。全黨要更加自覺地堅持黨的領導和我國社會主義制度,堅決反對一切削弱、歪曲、否定黨的領導和我國社會主義制度的言行;更加自覺地維護人民利益,堅決反對一切損害人民利益、脫離群眾的行為;更加自覺地投身改革創新時代潮流,堅決破除一切頑瘴痼疾;更加自覺地維護我國主權、安全、發展利益,堅決反對一切分裂祖國、破壞民族團結和社會和諧穩定的行為;更加自覺地防范各種風險,堅決戰勝一切在政治、經濟、文化、社會等領域和自然界出現的困難和挑戰。全黨要充分認識這場偉大斗爭的長期性、復雜性、艱巨性,發揚斗爭精神,提高斗爭本領,不斷奪取偉大斗爭新勝利。

Realizing our great dream demands a great struggle. It is in the movement of contradictions that a society advances; where there is contradiction there is struggle. If our Party is to unite and lead the people to effectively respond to major challenges, withstand major risks, overcome major obstacles, and address major conflicts, it must undertake a great struggle with many new contemporary features. All thinking and behavior in the vein of pleasure seeking, inaction and sloth, and problem avoidance are unacceptable. Every one of us in the Party must do more to uphold Party leadership and the Chinese socialist system, and resolutely oppose all statements and actions that undermine, distort, or negate them. We must do more to protect our people’s interests, and firmly oppose all moves that damage their interests or put distance between the Party and the people. We must do more to channel our energies toward the contemporary current of reform and innovation, and resolvedly address deep-rooted problems. We must do more to safeguard China’s sovereignty, security, and development interests, and staunchly oppose all attempts to split China or undermine its ethnic unity and social harmony and stability. We must do more to guard against all kinds of risks, and work determinedly to prevail over every political, economic, cultural, social, and natural difficulty and challenge. Every Party member must fully appreciate the long-term, complex, and onerous nature of this great struggle; we must be ready to fight, build our ability, and keep striving to secure new victories in this great struggle.

實現偉大夢想,必須建設偉大工程。這個偉大工程就是我們黨正在深入推進的黨的建設新的偉大工程。歷史已經并將繼續證明,沒有中國共產黨的領導,民族復興必然是空想。我們黨要始終成為時代先鋒、民族脊梁,始終成為馬克思主義執政黨,自身必須始終過硬。全黨要更加自覺地堅定黨性原則,勇于直面問題,敢于刮骨療毒,消除一切損害黨的先進性和純潔性的因素,清除一切侵蝕黨的健康肌體的病毒,不斷增強黨的政治領導力、思想引領力、群眾組織力、社會號召力,確保我們黨永葆旺盛生命力和強大戰斗力。

Realizing our great dream demands a great project. This project is the great new project of Party building that is just getting into full swing. As history has shown and will continue to bear witness to, without the leadership of the Communist Party of China, national rejuvenation would be just wishful thinking. To remain the vanguard of the times, the backbone of the nation, and a Marxist governing party, our Party must always hold itself to the highest standards. Every Party member must be more actively involved in enhancing Party consciousness, and demonstrate commitment to Party principles. We must have the courage to face problems squarely, be braced for the pain, act to remove whatever undermines the Party’s purity and advanced nature, and rid ourselves of any virus that erodes the Party’s health. We must keep on strengthening the Party’s ability to lead politically, to guide through theory, to organize the people, and to inspire society, thus ensuring that the Party’s great vitality and strong ability are forever maintained.

實現偉大夢想,必須推進偉大事業。中國特色社會主義是改革開放以來黨的全部理論和實踐的主題,是黨和人民歷盡千辛萬苦、付出巨大代價取得的根本成就。中國特色社會主義道路是實現社會主義現代化、創造人民美好生活的必由之路,中國特色社會主義理論體系是指導黨和人民實現中華民族偉大復興的正確理論,中國特色社會主義制度是當代中國發展進步的根本制度保障,中國特色社會主義文化是激勵全黨全國各族人民奮勇前進的強大精神力量。全黨要更加自覺地增強道路自信、理論自信、制度自信、文化自信,既不走封閉僵化的老路,也不走改旗易幟的邪路,保持政治定力,堅持實干興邦,始終堅持和發展中國特色社會主義。

Realizing our great dream demands a great cause. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has been the focus of all of the Party’s theories and practice since reform and opening up began. It is the fundamental achievement of our Party and our people made through countless hardships at enormous cost. The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the only path to socialist modernization and a better life for the people. The theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the right theory to guide the Party and people to realize national rejuvenation. The system of socialism with Chinese characteristics provides the fundamental institutional guarantee for progress and development in contemporary China. The culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a powerful source of strength that inspires all members of the Party and the people of all ethnic groups in China. Our whole Party must strengthen our confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must neither retrace our steps to the rigidity and isolation of the past, nor take the wrong turn by changing our nature and abandoning our system. We must maintain our political orientation, do the good solid work that sees our country thrive, and continue to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics.

偉大斗爭,偉大工程,偉大事業,偉大夢想,緊密聯系、相互貫通、相互作用,其中起決定性作用的是黨的建設新的偉大工程。推進偉大工程,要結合偉大斗爭、偉大事業、偉大夢想的實踐來進行,確保黨在世界形勢深刻變化的歷史進程中始終走在時代前列,在應對國內外各種風險和考驗的歷史進程中始終成為全國人民的主心骨,在堅持和發展中國特色社會主義的歷史進程中始終成為堅強領導核心。

This great struggle, great project, great cause, and great dream are closely connected, flow seamlessly into each other, and are mutually reinforcing. Among them, the great new project of Party building plays the decisive role. All work to advance this project must go hand in hand with that geared toward the struggle, the cause, and the dream. We must see that as history progresses and the world undergoes profound changes, the Party remains always ahead of the times; that as history progresses and we respond to risks and tests at home and abroad, the Party remains always the backbone of the nation; and that as history progresses and we continue to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, the Party remains always a powerful leadership core.

同志們!使命呼喚擔當,使命引領未來。我們要不負人民重托、無愧歷史選擇,在新時代中國特色社會主義的偉大實踐中,以黨的堅強領導和頑強奮斗,激勵全體中華兒女不斷奮進,凝聚起同心共筑中國夢的磅礴力量!

Comrades,

Our mission is a call to action; our mission steers the course to the future. We must live up to the trust the people have placed in us and prove ourselves worthy of history’s choice. In the great endeavors of building socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, let us get behind the strong leadership of the Party and engage in a tenacious struggle. Let all of us, the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation, come together, keep going, and create a mighty force that enables us to realize the Chinese Dream.

三、新時代中國特色社會主義思想和基本方略

III. The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the Basic Policy

十八大以來,國內外形勢變化和我國各項事業發展都給我們提出了一個重大時代課題,這就是必須從理論和實踐結合上系統回答新時代堅持和發展什么樣的中國特色社會主義、怎樣堅持和發展中國特色社會主義,包括新時代堅持和發展中國特色社會主義的總目標、總任務、總體布局、戰略布局和發展方向、發展方式、發展動力、戰略步驟、外部條件、政治保證等基本問題,并且要根據新的實踐對經濟、政治、法治、科技、文化、教育、民生、民族、宗教、社會、生態文明、國家安全、國防和軍隊、“一國兩制”和祖國統一、統一戰線、外交、黨的建設等各方面作出理論分析和政策指導,以利于更好堅持和發展中國特色社會主義。

Since our 18th National Congress, changes both in and outside China, and the progress made in all areas of China’s endeavors, have presented us with a profound question—the question of an era. Our answer must be a systematic combination of theory and practice and must address what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics the new era requires us to uphold and develop, and how we should go about doing it. This involves fundamental issues like the overarching objectives, tasks, plan, and strategy for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era; like the direction, model, and driving force of development, and the strategic steps, external conditions, and political guarantees. As well as this, to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, we should, based on new practice, undertake theoretical analysis and produce policy guidance on the economy, political affairs, rule of law, science and technology, culture, education, the wellbeing of our people, ethnic and religious affairs, social development, ecological conservation, national security, defense and the armed forces, the principle of “one country, two systems” and national reunification, the united front, foreign affairs, and Party building.

圍繞這個重大時代課題,我們黨堅持以馬克思列寧主義、毛澤東思想、鄧小平理論、“三個代表”重要思想、科學發展觀為指導,堅持解放思想、實事求是、與時俱進、求真務實,堅持辯證唯物主義和歷史唯物主義,緊密結合新的時代條件和實踐要求,以全新的視野深化對共產黨執政規律、社會主義建設規律、人類社會發展規律的認識,進行艱辛理論探索,取得重大理論創新成果,形成了新時代中國特色社會主義思想。

In answering this question, our Party has been guided by Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It has continued to free our minds, seek truth from facts, move with the times, and apply a realistic and pragmatic approach. In answering this question, our Party has continued to uphold dialectical and historical materialism; has considered carefully the new conditions of the era and the new requirements of practice; and has adopted an entirely new perspective to deepen its understanding of the laws that underlie governance by a Communist party, the development of socialism, and the evolution of human society. It has worked hard to undertake theoretical explorations, and has achieved major theoretical innovations, ultimately giving shape to the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.

新時代中國特色社會主義思想,明確堅持和發展中國特色社會主義,總任務是實現社會主義現代化和中華民族偉大復興,在全面建成小康社會的基礎上,分兩步走在本世紀中葉建成富強民主文明和諧美麗的社會主義現代化強國;明確新時代我國社會主要矛盾是人民日益增長的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的發展之間的矛盾,必須堅持以人民為中心的發展思想,不斷促進人的全面發展、全體人民共同富裕;明確中國特色社會主義事業總體布局是“五位一體”、戰略布局是“四個全面”,強調堅定道路自信、理論自信、制度自信、文化自信;明確全面深化改革總目標是完善和發展中國特色社會主義制度、推進國家治理體系和治理能力現代化;明確全面推進依法治國總目標是建設中國特色社會主義法治體系、建設社會主義法治國家;明確黨在新時代的強軍目標是建設一支聽黨指揮、能打勝仗、作風優良的人民軍隊,把人民軍隊建設成為世界一流軍隊;明確中國特色大國外交要推動構建新型國際關系,推動構建人類命運共同體;明確中國特色社會主義最本質的特征是中國共產黨領導,中國特色社會主義制度的最大優勢是中國共產黨領導,黨是最高政治領導力量,提出新時代黨的建設總要求,突出政治建設在黨的建設中的重要地位。

The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era makes the following things clear:

It makes clear that the overarching goal of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is to realize socialist modernization and national rejuvenation, and, that on the basis of finishing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, a two-step approach should be taken to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century.

It makes clear that the principal contradiction facing Chinese society in the new era is that between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life. We must therefore continue commitment to our people-centered philosophy of development, and work to promote well-rounded human development and common prosperity for everyone.

It makes clear that the overall plan for building socialism with Chinese characteristics is the five-sphere integrated plan, and the overall strategy is the four-pronged comprehensive strategy. It highlights the importance of fostering stronger confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

It makes clear that the overall goal of deepening reform in every field is to improve and develop the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and modernize China’s system and capacity for governance.

It makes clear that the overall goal of comprehensively advancing law-based governance is to establish a system of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics and build a country of socialist rule of law.

It makes clear that the Party’s goal of building a strong military in the new era is to build the people’s forces into world-class forces that obey the Party’s command, can fight and win, and maintain excellent conduct.

It makes clear that major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics aims to foster a new type of international relations and build a community with a shared future for mankind.

It makes clear that the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the greatest strength of the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the leadership of the Communist Party of China; the Party is the highest force for political leadership. It sets forth the general requirements for Party building in the new era and underlines the importance of political work in Party building.

新時代中國特色社會主義思想,是對馬克思列寧主義、毛澤東思想、鄧小平理論、“三個代表”重要思想、科學發展觀的繼承和發展,是馬克思主義中國化最新成果,是黨和人民實踐經驗和集體智慧的結晶,是中國特色社會主義理論體系的重要組成部分,是全黨全國人民為實現中華民族偉大復興而奮斗的行動指南,必須長期堅持并不斷發展。

The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era builds on and further enriches Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It represents the latest achievement in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and encapsulates the practical experience and collective wisdom of our Party and the people. It is an important component of the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a guide to action for all our members and all the Chinese people as we strive to achieve national rejuvenation. This Thought must be adhered to and steadily developed on a long-term basis.

全黨要深刻領會新時代中國特色社會主義思想的精神實質和豐富內涵,在各項工作中全面準確貫徹落實。

Everyone in the Party should develop a good grasp of the essence and rich implications of the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and fully and faithfully apply it in all our work.

(一)堅持黨對一切工作的領導。黨政軍民學,東西南北中,黨是領導一切的。必須增強政治意識、大局意識、核心意識、看齊意識,自覺維護黨中央權威和集中統一領導,自覺在思想上政治上行動上同黨中央保持高度一致,完善堅持黨的領導的體制機制,堅持穩中求進工作總基調,統籌推進“五位一體”總體布局,協調推進“四個全面”戰略布局,提高黨把方向、謀大局、定政策、促改革的能力和定力,確保黨始終總攬全局、協調各方。

1. Ensuring Party leadership over all work

The Party exercises overall leadership over all areas of endeavor in every part of the country. We must strengthen our consciousness of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment. We must work harder to uphold the authority and centralized, unified leadership of the Central Committee, and closely follow the Central Committee in terms of our thinking, political orientation, and actions. We must improve the institutions and mechanisms for upholding Party leadership, remain committed to the underlying principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability, and ensure coordinated implementation of the five-sphere integrated plan and the four-pronged comprehensive strategy. We must strengthen the Party’s ability and resolve to chart our course, craft overall plans, design policy, and promote reform; and we must ensure the Party always provides overall leadership and coordinates the efforts of all involved.

(二)堅持以人民為中心。人民是歷史的創造者,是決定黨和國家前途命運的根本力量。必須堅持人民主體地位,堅持立黨為公、執政為民,踐行全心全意為人民服務的根本宗旨,把黨的群眾路線貫徹到治國理政全部活動之中,把人民對美好生活的向往作為奮斗目標,依靠人民創造歷史偉業。

2. Committing to a people-centered approach

The people are the creators of history; they are the fundamental force that determines our Party and country’s future. We must ensure the principal status of the people, and adhere to the Party’s commitment to serving the public good and exercising power in the interests of the people. We must observe the Party’s fundamental purpose of wholeheartedly serving the people, and put into practice the Party’s mass line in all aspects of governance. We must regard as our goal the people’s aspirations to live a better life, and rely on the people to move history forward.

(三)堅持全面深化改革。只有社會主義才能救中國,只有改革開放才能發展中國、發展社會主義、發展馬克思主義。必須堅持和完善中國特色社會主義制度,不斷推進國家治理體系和治理能力現代化,堅決破除一切不合時宜的思想觀念和體制機制弊端,突破利益固化的藩籬,吸收人類文明有益成果,構建系統完備、科學規范、運行有效的制度體系,充分發揮我國社會主義制度優越性。

3. Continuing to comprehensively deepen reform

Only with socialism can we save China; only with reform and opening can we develop China, develop socialism, and develop Marxism. We must uphold and improve the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and continue to modernize China’s system and capacity for governance. We must have the determination to get rid of all outdated thinking and ideas and all institutional ailments, and to break through the blockades of vested interests. We should draw on the achievements of other civilizations, develop a set of institutions that are well conceived, fully built, procedure based, and efficiently functioning, and do full justice to the strengths of China’s socialist system.

(四)堅持新發展理念。發展是解決我國一切問題的基礎和關鍵,發展必須是科學發展,必須堅定不移貫徹創新、協調、綠色、開放、共享的發展理念。必須堅持和完善我國社會主義基本經濟制度和分配制度,毫不動搖鞏固和發展公有制經濟,毫不動搖鼓勵、支持、引導非公有制經濟發展,使市場在資源配置中起決定性作用,更好發揮政府作用,推動新型工業化、信息化、城鎮化、農業現代化同步發展,主動參與和推動經濟全球化進程,發展更高層次的開放型經濟,不斷壯大我國經濟實力和綜合國力。

4. Adopting a new vision for development

Development is the underpinning and the key for solving all our country’s problems; our development must be sound development. We must pursue with firmness of purpose the vision of innovative, coordinated, green, and open development that is for everyone. We must uphold and improve China’s basic socialist economic system and socialist distribution system. There must be no irresolution about working to consolidate and develop the public sector; and there must be no irresolution about working to encourage, support, and guide the development of the non-public sector. We must see that the market plays the decisive role in resource allocation, the government plays its role better, and new industrialization, IT application, urbanization, and agricultural modernization go hand in hand. We must actively participate in and promote economic globalization, develop an open economy of higher standards, and continue to increase China’s economic power and composite strength.

(五)堅持人民當家作主。堅持黨的領導、人民當家作主、依法治國有機統一是社會主義政治發展的必然要求。必須堅持中國特色社會主義政治發展道路,堅持和完善人民代表大會制度、中國共產黨領導的多黨合作和政治協商制度、民族區域自治制度、基層群眾自治制度,鞏固和發展最廣泛的愛國統一戰線,發展社會主義協商民主,健全民主制度,豐富民主形式,拓寬民主渠道,保證人民當家作主落實到國家政治生活和社會生活之中。

5. Seeing that the people run the country

Commitment to the organic unity of Party leadership, the running of the country by the people, and law-based governance is a natural element of socialist political advancement. We must keep to the path of socialist political advancement with Chinese characteristics; uphold and improve the system of people’s congresses, the system of Party-led multiparty cooperation and political consultation, the system of regional ethnic autonomy, and the system of community-level self-governance; and consolidate and develop the broadest possible patriotic united front. We should develop socialist consultative democracy, improve our democratic institutions, diversify our forms of democracy, and establish more democratic channels. We must see to it that the principle of the people running the country is put into practice in China’s political and social activities.

(六)堅持全面依法治國。全面依法治國是中國特色社會主義的本質要求和重要保障。必須把黨的領導貫徹落實到依法治國全過程和各方面,堅定不移走中國特色社會主義法治道路,完善以憲法為核心的中國特色社會主義法律體系,建設中國特色社會主義法治體系,建設社會主義法治國家,發展中國特色社會主義法治理論,堅持依法治國、依法執政、依法行政共同推進,堅持法治國家、法治政府、法治社會一體建設,堅持依法治國和以德治國相結合,依法治國和依規治黨有機統一,深化司法體制改革,提高全民族法治素養和道德素質。

6. Ensuring every dimension of governance is law-based

Law-based governance is an essential requirement and important guarantee for socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must exercise Party leadership at every point in the process and over every dimension of law-based governance, and be fully committed to promoting socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics. We must improve the Chinese socialist system of laws, at the heart of which is the Constitution; establish a Chinese system of socialist rule of law; build a socialist country based on the rule of law; and develop Chinese socialist rule of law theory. We must pursue coordinated progress in law-based governance, law-based exercise of state power, and law-based government administration, and promote the integrated development of rule of law for the country, the government, and society. We must continue to promote a combination of rule of law and rule of virtue, and combine law-based governance of the country and rule-based governance over the Party. We must further the reform of the judicial system, and strengthen rule of law awareness among all our people while also enhancing their moral integrity.

(七)堅持社會主義核心價值體系。文化自信是一個國家、一個民族發展中更基本、更深沉、更持久的力量。必須堅持馬克思主義,牢固樹立共產主義遠大理想和中國特色社會主義共同理想,培育和踐行社會主義核心價值觀,不斷增強意識形態領域主導權和話語權,推動中華優秀傳統文化創造性轉化、創新性發展,繼承革命文化,發展社會主義先進文化,不忘本來、吸收外來、面向未來,更好構筑中國精神、中國價值、中國力量,為人民提供精神指引。

7. Upholding core socialist values

Cultural confidence represents a fundamental and profound force that sustains the development of a country and a nation. We must uphold Marxism, firm up and further build the ideal of Communism and a shared ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and nurture and practice core socialist values, while making continued and greater efforts to maintain the initiative and ensure we have our say in the realm of ideology. We must promote the creative evolution and development of fine traditional Chinese culture, see our revolutionary culture remains alive and strong, and develop an advanced socialist culture. We should cherish our cultural roots, draw on other cultures, and be forward-thinking. We should do more to foster a Chinese spirit, Chinese values, and Chinese strength to provide a source of cultural and moral guidance for our people.

(八)堅持在發展中保障和改善民生。增進民生福祉是發展的根本目的。必須多謀民生之利、多解民生之憂,在發展中補齊民生短板、促進社會公平正義,在幼有所育、學有所教、勞有所得、病有所醫、老有所養、住有所居、弱有所扶上不斷取得新進展,深入開展脫貧攻堅,保證全體人民在共建共享發展中有更多獲得感,不斷促進人的全面發展、全體人民共同富裕。建設平安中國,加強和創新社會治理,維護社會和諧穩定,確保國家長治久安、人民安居樂業。

8. Ensuring and improving living standards through development

The wellbeing of the people is the fundamental goal of development. We must do more to improve the lives and address the concerns of the people, and use development to strengthen areas of weakness and promote social fairness and justice. We should make steady progress in ensuring people’s access to childcare, education, employment, medical services, elderly care, housing, and social assistance. We will intensify poverty alleviation, see that all our people have a greater sense of fulfillment as they contribute to and gain from development, and continue to promote well-rounded human development and common prosperity for everyone. We will continue the Peaceful China initiative, strengthen and develop new forms of social governance, and ensure social harmony and stability. We must work hard to see that our country enjoys enduring peace and stability and our people live and work in contentment.

(九)堅持人與自然和諧共生。建設生態文明是中華民族永續發展的千年大計。必須樹立和踐行綠水青山就是金山銀山的理念,堅持節約資源和?;せ肪車幕竟?,像對待生命一樣對待生態環境,統籌山水林田湖草系統治理,實行最嚴格的生態環境?;ぶ貧?,形成綠色發展方式和生活方式,堅定走生產發展、生活富裕、生態良好的文明發展道路,建設美麗中國,為人民創造良好生產生活環境,為全球生態安全作出貢獻。

9. Ensuring harmony between human and nature

Building an ecological civilization is vital to sustain the Chinese nation’s development. We must realize that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets and act on this understanding, implement our fundamental national policy of conserving resources and protecting the environment, and cherish the environment as we cherish our own lives. We will adopt a holistic approach to conserving our mountains, rivers, forests, farmlands, lakes, and grasslands, implement the strictest possible systems for environmental protection, and develop eco-friendly growth models and ways of life. We must pursue a model of sustainable development featuring increased production, higher living standards, and healthy ecosystems. We must continue the Beautiful China initiative to create good working and living environments for our people and play our part in ensuring global ecological security.

(十)堅持總體國家安全觀。統籌發展和安全,增強憂患意識,做到居安思危,是我們黨治國理政的一個重大原則。必須堅持國家利益至上,以人民安全為宗旨,以政治安全為根本,統籌外部安全和內部安全、國土安全和國民安全、傳統安全和非傳統安全、自身安全和共同安全,完善國家安全制度體系,加強國家安全能力建設,堅決維護國家主權、安全、發展利益。

10. Pursuing a holistic approach to national security

We should ensure both development and security and be ever ready to protect against potential dangers in time of peace. This is a major principle underlying the Party’s governance. We must put national interests first, take protecting our people’s security as our mission and safeguarding political security as a fundamental task, and ensure both internal and external security, homeland and public security, traditional and non-traditional security, and China’s own and common security. We will improve our systems and institutions and enhance capacity-building for national security, and resolutely safeguard China’s sovereignty, security, and development interests.

(十一)堅持黨對人民軍隊的絕對領導。建設一支聽黨指揮、能打勝仗、作風優良的人民軍隊,是實現“兩個一百年”奮斗目標、實現中華民族偉大復興的戰略支撐。必須全面貫徹黨領導人民軍隊的一系列根本原則和制度,確立新時代黨的強軍思想在國防和軍隊建設中的指導地位,堅持政治建軍、改革強軍、科技興軍、依法治軍,更加注重聚焦實戰,更加注重創新驅動,更加注重體系建設,更加注重集約高效,更加注重軍民融合,實現黨在新時代的強軍目標。

11. Upholding absolute Party leadership over the people’s armed forces

Building people’s forces that obey the Party’s command, can fight and win, and maintain excellent conduct is strategically important to achieving the two centenary goals and national rejuvenation. To realize the Party’s goal of building a powerful military in the new era, we must fully implement the fundamental principles and systems of Party leadership over the military, and see that Party strategy on strengthening military capabilities for the new era guides work to build national defense and the armed forces. We must continue to enhance the political loyalty of the armed forces, strengthen them through reform and technology, and run them in accordance with law. We must place greater focus on combat, encourage innovation, build systems, increase efficacy and efficiency, and further military-civilian integration.

(十二)堅持“一國兩制”和推進祖國統一。保持香港、澳門長期繁榮穩定,實現祖國完全統一,是實現中華民族偉大復興的必然要求。必須把維護中央對香港、澳門特別行政區全面管治權和保障特別行政區高度自治權有機結合起來,確?!耙還街啤狽秸氬換岜?、不動搖,確?!耙還街啤筆導槐湫?、不走樣。必須堅持一個中國原則,堅持“九二共識”,推動兩岸關系和平發展,深化兩岸經濟合作和文化往來,推動兩岸同胞共同反對一切分裂國家的活動,共同為實現中華民族偉大復興而奮斗。

12. Upholding the principle of “one country, two systems” and promoting national reunification

Maintaining lasting prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao and achieving China’s full reunification are essential to realizing national rejuvenation. We must ensure both the central government’s overall jurisdiction over the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions and a high degree of autonomy in the two regions. We should ensure that the principle of “one country, two systems” remains unchanged, is unwaveringly upheld, and in practice is not bent or distorted. We must uphold the one-China principle and the 1992 Consensus, promote the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, deepen economic cooperation and cultural exchange between the two sides of the Straits, and encourage fellow Chinese on both sides to oppose all separatist activities and work together to realize Chinese national rejuvenation.

(十三)堅持推動構建人類命運共同體。中國人民的夢想同各國人民的夢想息息相通,實現中國夢離不開和平的國際環境和穩定的國際秩序。必須統籌國內國際兩個大局,始終不渝走和平發展道路、奉行互利共贏的開放戰略,堅持正確義利觀,樹立共同、綜合、合作、可持續的新安全觀,謀求開放創新、包容互惠的發展前景,促進和而不同、兼收并蓄的文明交流,構筑尊崇自然、綠色發展的生態體系,始終做世界和平的建設者、全球發展的貢獻者、國際秩序的維護者。

13. Promoting the building of a community with a shared future for mankind

The dream of the Chinese people is closely connected with the dreams of the peoples of other countries; the Chinese Dream can be realized only in a peaceful international environment and under a stable international order. We must keep in mind both our internal and international imperatives, stay on the path of peaceful development, and continue to pursue a mutually beneficial strategy of opening up. We will uphold justice while pursuing shared interests, and will foster new thinking on common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security. We will pursue open, innovative, and inclusive development that benefits everyone; boost cross-cultural exchanges characterized by harmony within diversity, inclusiveness, and mutual learning; and cultivate ecosystems based on respect for nature and green development. China will continue its efforts to safeguard world peace, contribute to global development, and uphold international order.

(十四)堅持全面從嚴治黨。勇于自我革命,從嚴管黨治黨,是我們黨最鮮明的品格。必須以黨章為根本遵循,把黨的政治建設擺在首位,思想建黨和制度治黨同向發力,統籌推進黨的各項建設,抓住“關鍵少數”,堅持“三嚴三實”,堅持民主集中制,嚴肅黨內政治生活,嚴明黨的紀律,強化黨內監督,發展積極健康的黨內政治文化,全面凈化黨內政治生態,堅決糾正各種不正之風,以零容忍態度懲治腐敗,不斷增強黨自我凈化、自我完善、自我革新、自我提高的能力,始終保持黨同人民群眾的血肉聯系。

14. Exercising full and rigorous governance over the Party

To have the courage to carry out self-reform and conduct strict self-governance: this is the most distinctive part of our Party’s character. We must uphold the Party Constitution as our fundamental rules, give top priority to the political work of the Party, combine efforts on ideological work and institution building, and strengthen Party competence in all respects. We must focus on oversight over the “key few,” by which we mean leading officials, and see that the principle of Three Stricts and Three Earnests are observed. We must uphold democratic centralism, ensure that intraparty political activities are carried out in earnest, impose strict Party discipline, and strengthen internal oversight. We must develop a positive and healthy political culture in the Party and improve the Party’s political ecosystem, resolutely correct misconduct in

all its forms, and show zero tolerance for corruption. We will continue to strengthen the Party’s ability to purify, improve, and reform itself, and forever maintain its close ties with the people.

以上十四條,構成新時代堅持和發展中國特色社會主義的基本方略。全黨同志必須全面貫徹黨的基本理論、基本路線、基本方略,更好引領黨和人民事業發展。

The above 14 points form the basic policy that underpins our endeavors to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. All our members must fully implement the Party’s basic theory, line, and policy so as to better steer the development of the Party and people’s cause.

實踐沒有止境,理論創新也沒有止境。世界每時每刻都在發生變化,中國也每時每刻都在發生變化,我們必須在理論上跟上時代,不斷認識規律,不斷推進理論創新、實踐創新、制度創新、文化創新以及其他各方面創新。

Just as there are no bounds to practice, there is no end to theoretical exploration. The world is changing with every second, every moment; and China, too, is changing with every second, every moment. We must ensure our theory evolves with the times, deepen our appreciation of objective laws, and advance our theoretical, practical, institutional, cultural, and other explorations.

同志們!時代是思想之母,實踐是理論之源。只要我們善于聆聽時代聲音,勇于堅持真理、修正錯誤,二十一世紀中國的馬克思主義一定能夠展現出更強大、更有說服力的真理力量!

Comrades,

The era is the mother of thought; practice is the fount of theory. If we respond to the call of our times and have the courage to uphold truth and correct errors, the Marxism of 21st century China will, without a doubt, emanate more mighty, more compelling power of truth.

四、決勝全面建成小康社會,開啟全面建設社會主義現代化國家新征程

IV. Securing a Decisive Victory in Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects and Embarking on a Journey to Fully Build a Modern Socialist China

改革開放之后,我們黨對我國社會主義現代化建設作出戰略安排,提出“三步走”戰略目標。解決人民溫飽問題、人民生活總體上達到小康水平這兩個目標已提前實現。在這個基礎上,我們黨提出,到建黨一百年時建成經濟更加發展、民主更加健全、科教更加進步、文化更加繁榮、社會更加和諧、人民生活更加殷實的小康社會,然后再奮斗三十年,到新中國成立一百年時,基本實現現代化,把我國建成社會主義現代化國家。

After adopting the policy of reform and opening up, our Party laid out three strategic goals for achieving socialist modernization in China. The first two—ensuring that people’s basic needs are met and that their lives are generally decent—have been accomplished ahead of time. Building on this, our Party then developed the vision that by the time we celebrate our centenary, we will have developed our society into a moderately prosperous one with a stronger economy, greater democracy, more advanced science and education, thriving culture, greater social harmony, and a better quality of life. After this, with another 30 years of work, and by the time we celebrate the centenary of the People’s Republic of China, we will have basically achieved modernization and turned China into a modern socialist country.

從現在到二○二○年,是全面建成小康社會決勝期。要按照十六大、十七大、十八大提出的全面建成小康社會各項要求,緊扣我國社會主要矛盾變化,統籌推進經濟建設、政治建設、文化建設、社會建設、生態文明建設,堅定實施科教興國戰略、人才強國戰略、創新驅動發展戰略、鄉村振興戰略、區域協調發展戰略、可持續發展戰略、軍民融合發展戰略,突出抓重點、補短板、強弱項,特別是要堅決打好防范化解重大風險、精準脫貧、污染防治的攻堅戰,使全面建成小康社會得到人民認可、經得起歷史檢驗。

The period between now and 2020 will be decisive in finishing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects. We must follow the requirements on building this society set out at our 16th, 17th, and 18th National Congresses, act in response to the evolution of the principal contradiction in Chinese society, and promote coordinated economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological advancement. We must show firm resolve in implementing the strategy for invigorating China through science and education, the strategy on developing a quality workforce, the innovation-driven development strategy, the rural vitalization strategy, the coordinated regional development strategy, the sustainable development strategy, and the military-civilian integration strategy. We must focus on priorities, address inadequacies, and shore up points of weakness. In this regard, I want to stress that we must take tough steps to forestall and defuse major risks, carry out targeted poverty alleviation, and prevent and control pollution, so that the moderately prosperous society we build earns the people’s approval and stands the test of time.

十九大到二十大,是“兩個一百年”奮斗目標的歷史交匯期。我們既要全面建成小康社會、實現第一個百年奮斗目標,又要乘勢而上開啟全面建設社會主義現代化國家新征程,向第二個百年奮斗目標進軍。

The period between the 19th and the 20th National Congress is the period in which the timeframes of the two centenary goals converge. In this period, not only must we finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and achieve the first centenary goal; we must also build on this achievement to embark on a new journey toward the second centenary goal of fully building a modern socialist country.

綜合分析國際國內形勢和我國發展條件,從二○二○年到本世紀中葉可以分兩個階段來安排。

Based on a comprehensive analysis of the international and domestic environments and the conditions for China’s development, we have drawn up a two-stage development plan for the period from 2020 to the middle of this century.

第一個階段,從二○二○年到二○三五年,在全面建成小康社會的基礎上,再奮斗十五年,基本實現社會主義現代化。到那時,我國經濟實力、科技實力將大幅躍升,躋身創新型國家前列;人民平等參與、平等發展權利得到充分保障,法治國家、法治政府、法治社會基本建成,各方面制度更加完善,國家治理體系和治理能力現代化基本實現;社會文明程度達到新的高度,國家文化軟實力顯著增強,中華文化影響更加廣泛深入;人民生活更為寬裕,中等收入群體比例明顯提高,城鄉區域發展差距和居民生活水平差距顯著縮小,基本公共服務均等化基本實現,全體人民共同富裕邁出堅實步伐;現代社會治理格局基本形成,社會充滿活力又和諧有序;生態環境根本好轉,美麗中國目標基本實現。

In the first stage from 2020 to 2035, we will build on the foundation created by the moderately prosperous society with a further 15 years of hard work to see that socialist modernization is basically realized. The vision is that by the end of this stage, the following goals will have been met:

 China’s economic and technological strength has increased significantly. China has become a global leader in innovation.

 The rights of the people to participate and to develop as equals are adequately protected. The rule of law for the country, the government, and society is basically in place. Institutions in all fields are further improved; the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance is basically achieved.

 Social etiquette and civility are significantly enhanced. China’s cultural soft power has grown much stronger; Chinese culture has greater appeal.

 People are leading more comfortable lives, and the size of the middle-income group has grown considerably. Disparities in urban-rural development, in development between regions, and in living standards are significantly reduced; equitable access to basic public services is basically ensured; and solid progress has been made toward prosperity for everyone.

 A modern social governance system has basically taken shape, and society is full of vitality, harmonious, and orderly.

 There is a fundamental improvement in the environment; the goal of building a Beautiful China is basically attained.

第二個階段,從二○三五年到本世紀中葉,在基本實現現代化的基礎上,再奮斗十五年,把我國建成富強民主文明和諧美麗的社會主義現代化強國。到那時,我國物質文明、政治文明、精神文明、社會文明、生態文明將全面提升,實現國家治理體系和治理能力現代化,成為綜合國力和國際影響力領先的國家,全體人民共同富?;臼迪?,我國人民將享有更加幸福安康的生活,中華民族將以更加昂揚的姿態屹立于世界民族之林。

In the second stage from 2035 to the middle of the 21st century, we will, building on having basically achieved modernization, work hard for a further 15 years and develop China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful. By the end of this stage, the following goals will have been met:

 New heights are reached in every dimension of material, political, cultural and ethical, social, and ecological advancement.

 Modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance is achieved.

 China has become a global leader in terms of composite national strength and international influence.

 Common prosperity for everyone is basically achieved.

 The Chinese people enjoy happier, safer, and healthier lives.

The Chinese nation will become a proud and active member of the community of nations.

同志們!從全面建成小康社會到基本實現現代化,再到全面建成社會主義現代化強國,是新時代中國特色社會主義發展的戰略安排。我們要堅忍不拔、鍥而不舍,奮力譜寫社會主義現代化新征程的壯麗篇章!

Comrades,

This is our strategic vision for developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era: Finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, move on to basically realizing modernization, and then turn to making China a great modern socialist country in every dimension. We must work with resolve and tenacity and strive to write a brilliant chapter on our new journey to socialist modernization.

五、貫徹新發展理念,建設現代化經濟體系

V. Applying a New Vision of Development and Developing a Modernized Economy

實現“兩個一百年”奮斗目標、實現中華民族偉大復興的中國夢,不斷提高人民生活水平,必須堅定不移把發展作為黨執政興國的第一要務,堅持解放和發展社會生產力,堅持社會主義市場經濟改革方向,推動經濟持續健康發展。

To deliver on the two centenary goals, realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation, and steadily improve our people’s lives, we must continue to pursue development as the Party’s top priority in governance; we must unleash and develop productive forces, continue reforms to develop the socialist market economy, and promote sustained and sound economic growth.

我國經濟已由高速增長階段轉向高質量發展階段,正處在轉變發展方式、優化經濟結構、轉換增長動力的攻關期,建設現代化經濟體系是跨越關口的迫切要求和我國發展的戰略目標。必須堅持質量第一、效益優先,以供給側結構性改革為主線,推動經濟發展質量變革、效率變革、動力變革,提高全要素生產率,著力加快建設實體經濟、科技創新、現代金融、人力資源協同發展的產業體系,著力構建市場機制有效、微觀主體有活力、宏觀調控有度的經濟體制,不斷增強我國經濟創新力和競爭力。

China’s economy has been transitioning from a phase of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development. This is a pivotal stage for transforming our growth model, improving our economic structure, and fostering new drivers of growth. It is imperative that we develop a modernized economy. This is both an urgent requirement for getting us smoothly through this critical transition and a strategic goal for China’s development. We must put quality first and give priority to performance. We should pursue supply-side structural reform as our main task, and work hard for better quality, higher efficiency, and more robust drivers of economic growth through reform. We need to raise total factor productivity and accelerate the building of an industrial system that promotes coordinated development of the real economy with technological innovation, modern finance, and human resources. We should endeavor to develop an economy with more effective market mechanisms, dynamic micro-entities, and sound macro-regulation. This will steadily strengthen the innovation capacity and competitiveness of China’s economy.

(一)深化供給側結構性改革。建設現代化經濟體系,必須把發展經濟的著力點放在實體經濟上,把提高供給體系質量作為主攻方向,顯著增強我國經濟質量優勢。加快建設制造強國,加快發展先進制造業,推動互聯網、大數據、人工智能和實體經濟深度融合,在中高端消費、創新引領、綠色低碳、共享經濟、現代供應鏈、人力資本服務等領域培育新增長點、形成新動能。支持傳統產業優化升級,加快發展現代服務業,瞄準國際標準提高水平。促進我國產業邁向全球價值鏈中高端,培育若干世界級先進制造業集群。加強水利、鐵路、公路、水運、航空、管道、電網、信息、物流等基礎設施網絡建設。堅持去產能、去庫存、去杠桿、降成本、補短板,優化存量資源配置,擴大優質增量供給,實現供需動態平衡。激發和?;て笠導揖?,鼓勵更多社會主體投身創新創業。建設知識型、技能型、創新型勞動者大軍,弘揚勞模精神和工匠精神,營造勞動光榮的社會風尚和精益求精的敬業風氣。

1. Furthering supply-side structural reform

In developing a modernized economy, we must focus on the real economy, give priority to improving the quality of the supply system, and enhance our economy’s strength in terms of quality. We will work faster to build China into a manufacturer of quality and develop advanced manufacturing, promote further integration of the internet, big data, and artificial intelligence with the real economy, and foster new growth areas and drivers of growth in medium-high end consumption, innovation-driven development, the green and low-carbon economy, the sharing economy, modern supply chains, and human capital services. We will support traditional industries in upgrading themselves and accelerate development of modern service industries to elevate them to international standards. We will move Chinese industries up to the medium-high end of the global value chain, and foster a number of world-class advanced manufacturing clusters. We will strengthen infrastructure networks for water conservancy, railways, highways, waterways, aviation, pipelines, power grids, information, and logistics.

We will continue efforts to cut overcapacity, reduce excess inventory, deleverage, lower costs, and strengthen areas of weakness, and work to achieve a dynamic balance between supply and demand by improving the allocation of available resources and increasing high-quality supply. We will inspire and protect entrepreneurship, and encourage more entities to make innovations and start businesses. We will build an educated, skilled, and innovative workforce, foster respect for model workers, promote quality workmanship, and see that taking pride in labor becomes a social norm and seeking excellence is valued as a good work ethic.

(二)加快建設創新型國家。創新是引領發展的第一動力,是建設現代化經濟體系的戰略支撐。要瞄準世界科技前沿,強化基礎研究,實現前瞻性基礎研究、引領性原創成果重大突破。加強應用基礎研究,拓展實施國家重大科技項目,突出關鍵共性技術、前沿引領技術、現代工程技術、顛覆性技術創新,為建設科技強國、質量強國、航天強國、網絡強國、交通強國、數字中國、智慧社會提供有力支撐。加強國家創新體系建設,強化戰略科技力量。深化科技體制改革,建立以企業為主體、市場為導向、產學研深度融合的技術創新體系,加強對中小企業創新的支持,促進科技成果轉化。倡導創新文化,強化知識產權創造、?;?、運用。培養造就一大批具有國際水平的戰略科技人才、科技領軍人才、青年科技人才和高水平創新團隊。

2. Making China a country of innovators

Innovation is the primary driving force behind development; it is the strategic underpinning for building a modernized economy. We should aim for the frontiers of science and technology, strengthen basic research, and make major breakthroughs in pioneering basic research and groundbreaking and original innovations. We will strengthen basic research in applied sciences, launch major national science and technology projects, and prioritize innovation in key generic technologies, cutting-edge frontier technologies, modern engineering technologies, and disruptive technologies. These efforts will provide powerful support for building China’s strength in science and technology, product quality, aerospace, cyberspace, and transportation; and for building a digital China and a smart society. We will improve our national innovation system and boost our strategic scientific and technological strength. We will further reform the management system for science and technology, and develop a market-oriented system for technological innovation in which enterprises are the main players and synergy is created through the joint efforts of enterprises, universities, and research institutes. We will support innovation by small and medium-sized enterprises and encourage the application of advances in science and technology. We will foster a culture of innovation, and strengthen the creation, protection, and application of intellectual property. We should cultivate a large number of world-class scientists and technologists in strategically important fields, scientific and technological leaders, and young scientists and engineers, as well as high-performing innovation teams.

(三)實施鄉村振興戰略。農業農村農民問題是關系國計民生的根本性問題,必須始終把解決好“三農”問題作為全黨工作重中之重。要堅持農業農村優先發展,按照產業興旺、生態宜居、鄉風文明、治理有效、生活富裕的總要求,建立健全城鄉融合發展體制機制和政策體系,加快推進農業農村現代化。鞏固和完善農村基本經營制度,深化農村土地制度改革,完善承包地“三權”分置制度。保持土地承包關系穩定并長久不變,第二輪土地承包到期后再延長三十年。深化農村集體產權制度改革,保障農民財產權益,壯大集體經濟。確保國家糧食安全,把中國人的飯碗牢牢端在自己手中。構建現代農業產業體系、生產體系、經營體系,完善農業支持?;ぶ貧?,發展多種形式適度規模經營,培育新型農業經營主體,健全農業社會化服務體系,實現小農戶和現代農業發展有機銜接。促進農村一二三產業融合發展,支持和鼓勵農民就業創業,拓寬增收渠道。加強農村基層基礎工作,健全自治、法治、德治相結合的鄉村治理體系。培養造就一支懂農業、愛農村、愛農民的“三農”工作隊伍。

3. Pursuing a rural vitalization strategy

Issues relating to agriculture, rural areas, and rural people are fundamental to China as they directly concern our country’s stability and our people’s wellbeing. Addressing these issues should have a central place on the work agenda of the Party, and we must prioritize the development of agriculture and rural areas. To build rural areas with thriving businesses, pleasant living environments, social etiquette and civility, effective governance, and prosperity, we need to put in place sound systems, mechanisms, and policies for promoting integrated urban-rural development, and speed up the modernization of agriculture and rural areas. We will consolidate and improve the basic rural operation system, advance reform of the rural land system, and improve the system for separating the ownership rights, contract rights, and management rights for contracted rural land. Rural land contracting practices will remain stable and unchanged on a long-term basis; the current round of contracts will be extended for another 30 years upon expiration. We will press ahead with reform of the rural collective property rights system, safeguard the property rights and interests of rural people, and strengthen the collective economy. We must ensure China’s food security so that we always have control over our own food supply. We will establish industrial, production, and business operation systems for modern agriculture, and improve the systems for supporting and protecting agriculture. We will develop appropriately scaled agricultural operations of various forms, cultivate new types of agribusiness, improve specialized agricultural services, and encourage small household farmers to become involved in modern agriculture. We will promote the integrated development of the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries in rural areas, support and encourage employment and business startups there, and open up more channels to increase rural incomes. We will strengthen basic services in rural communities, and improve the rural governance model which combines self-governance, rule of law, and rule of virtue. We will train professional rural service personnel who have a good knowledge of agriculture, love our rural areas, and care about rural people.

(四)實施區域協調發展戰略。加大力度支持革命老區、民族地區、邊疆地區、貧困地區加快發展,強化舉措推進西部大開發形成新格局,深化改革加快東北等老工業基地振興,發揮優勢推動中部地區崛起,創新引領率先實現東部地區優化發展,建立更加有效的區域協調發展新機制。以城市群為主體構建大中小城市和小城鎮協調發展的城鎮格局,加快農業轉移人口市民化。以疏解北京非首都功能為“牛鼻子”推動京津冀協同發展,高起點規劃、高標準建設雄安新區。以共抓大?;?、不搞大開發為導向推動長江經濟帶發展。支持資源型地區經濟轉型發展。加快邊疆發展,確保邊疆鞏固、邊境安全。堅持陸海統籌,加快建設海洋強國。

4. Implementing the coordinated regional development strategy

We will devote more energy to speeding up the development of old revolutionary base areas, areas with large ethnic minority populations, border areas, and poor areas. We will strengthen measures to reach a new stage in the large-scale development of the western region; deepen reform to accelerate the revitalization of old industrial bases in the northeast and other parts of the country; help the central region rise by tapping into local strengths; and support the eastern region in taking the lead in pursuing optimal development through innovation. To this end, we need to put in place new, effective mechanisms to ensure coordinated development of different regions. We will create networks of cities and towns based on city clusters, enabling the coordinated development of cities of different sizes and small towns, and speed up work on granting permanent urban residency to people who move from rural to urban areas. We will relieve Beijing of functions nonessential to its role as the capital and use this effort to drive the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region; and we will develop forward-looking plans and adopt high standards for building the Xiongan New Area. We will facilitate the development of the Yangtze Economic Belt by promoting well-coordinated environmental conservation and avoiding excessive development. Support will be given to resource-depleted areas in their economic transformation. We will accelerate development in the border areas, and ensure their stability and security. We will pursue coordinated land and marine development, and step up efforts to build China into a strong maritime country.

(五)加快完善社會主義市場經濟體制。經濟體制改革必須以完善產權制度和要素市場化配置為重點,實現產權有效激勵、要素自由流動、價格反應靈活、競爭公平有序、企業優勝劣汰。要完善各類國有資產管理體制,改革國有資本授權經營體制,加快國有經濟布局優化、結構調整、戰略性重組,促進國有資產保值增值,推動國有資本做強做優做大,有效防止國有資產流失。深化國有企業改革,發展混合所有制經濟,培育具有全球競爭力的世界一流企業。全面實施市場準入負面清單制度,清理廢除妨礙統一市場和公平競爭的各種規定和做法,支持民營企業發展,激發各類市場主體活力。深化商事制度改革,打破行政性壟斷,防止市場壟斷,加快要素價格市場化改革,放寬服務業準入限制,完善市場監管體制。創新和完善宏觀調控,發揮國家發展規劃的戰略導向作用,健全財政、貨幣、產業、區域等經濟政策協調機制。完善促進消費的體制機制,增強消費對經濟發展的基礎性作用。深化投融資體制改革,發揮投資對優化供給結構的關鍵性作用。加快建立現代財政制度,建立權責清晰、財力協調、區域均衡的中央和地方財政關系。建立全面規范透明、標準科學、約束有力的預算制度,全面實施績效管理。深化稅收制度改革,健全地方稅體系。深化金融體制改革,增強金融服務實體經濟能力,提高直接融資比重,促進多層次資本市場健康發展。健全貨幣政策和宏觀審慎政策雙支柱調控框架,深化利率和匯率市場化改革。健全金融監管體系,守住不發生系統性金融風險的底線。

5. Accelerating efforts to improve the socialist market economy

In our economic reforms, we must concentrate on improving the property rights system and ensuring the market-based allocation of factors of production, so that property rights act as effective incentives. We should ensure free flows of factors, flexible prices, fair and orderly competition, and that business survival is determined by competition. We will improve the systems for managing different types of state assets, and reform the system of authorized operation of state capital. In the state-owned sector, we will step up improved distribution, structural adjustment, and strategic reorganization. We will work to see that state assets maintain and increase their value; we will support state capital in becoming stronger, doing better, and growing bigger, and take effective measures to prevent the loss of state assets. We will further reform of state-owned enterprises, develop mixed-ownership economic entities, and turn Chinese enterprises into world-class, globally competitive firms. We will introduce a negative list for market access nationwide, sort through and do away with regulations and practices that impede the development of a unified market and fair competition, support the growth of private businesses, and stimulate the vitality of various market entities. We will deepen reforms in the business sector, break administrative monopolies, preclude the forming of market monopolies, speed up the reform of market-based pricing of factors of production, relax control over market access in the service sector, and improve market oversight mechanisms. We will develop new methods to improve macro-regulation, give full play to the strategic guidance of national development plans, and improve mechanisms for coordinating fiscal, monetary, industrial, regional, and other economic policies. We will improve systems and mechanisms for stimulating consumer spending, and leverage the fundamental role of consumption in promoting economic growth. We will deepen reform of the investment and financing systems, and enable investment to play a crucial role in improving the supply structure. We will expedite the creation of a modern public finance system, and establish a fiscal relationship between the central and local governments built upon clearly defined powers and responsibilities, appropriate financial resource allocation, and greater balance between regions. We will put in place a comprehensive, procedure-based, transparent budget system that uses well-conceived standards and imposes effective constraints; and we will implement performance-based management nationwide. We will deepen reform of the taxation system, and improve the local tax system. We will deepen institutional reform in the financial sector, make it better serve the real economy, increase the proportion of direct financing, and promote the healthy development of a multilevel capital market. We will improve the framework of regulation underpinned by monetary policy and macro-prudential policy, and see that interest rates and exchange rates become more market-based. We will improve the financial regulatory system to forestall systemic financial risks.

(六)推動形成全面開放新格局??糯唇?,封閉必然落后。中國開放的大門不會關閉,只會越開越大。要以“一帶一路”建設為重點,堅持引進來和走出去并重,遵循共商共建共享原則,加強創新能力開放合作,形成陸海內外聯動、東西雙向互濟的開放格局。拓展對外貿易,培育貿易新業態新模式,推進貿易強國建設。實行高水平的貿易和投資自由化便利化政策,全面實行準入前國民待遇加負面清單管理制度,大幅度放寬市場準入,擴大服務業對外開放,?;ね饃掏蹲屎戲ㄈㄒ?。凡是在我國境內注冊的企業,都要一視同仁、平等對待。優化區域開放布局,加大西部開放力度。賦予自由貿易試驗區更大改革自主權,探索建設自由貿易港。創新對外投資方式,促進國際產能合作,形成面向全球的貿易、投融資、生產、服務網絡,加快培育國際經濟合作和競爭新優勢。

6. Making new ground in pursuing opening up on all fronts

Openness brings progress, while self-seclusion leaves one behind. China will not close its door to the world; we will only become more and more open. We should pursue the Belt and Road Initiative as a priority, give equal emphasis to "bringing in" and “going global,” follow the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration, and increase openness and cooperation in building innovation capacity. With these efforts, we hope to make new ground in opening China further through links running eastward and westward, across land and over sea. We will expand foreign trade, develop new models and new forms of trade, and turn China into a trader of quality. We will adopt policies to promote high-standard liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment; we will implement the system of pre-establishment national treatment plus a negative list across the board, significantly ease market access, further open the service sector, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of foreign investors. All businesses registered in China will be treated equally. We will improve the balance in opening our different regions, and open the western region wider. We will grant more powers to pilot free trade zones to conduct reform, and explore the opening of free trade ports. We will develop new ways of making outbound investments, promote international cooperation on production capacity, form globally-oriented networks of trade, investment and financing, production, and services, and build up our strengths for international economic cooperation and competition.

同志們!解放和發展社會生產力,是社會主義的本質要求。我們要激發全社會創造力和發展活力,努力實現更高質量、更有效率、更加公平、更可持續的發展!

Comrades,

Unlocking and developing the productive forces is a fundamental task of socialism. We must inspire creativity and vitality throughout society, and strive to achieve better quality, more efficient, fairer, and more sustainable development.

六、健全人民當家作主制度體系,發展社會主義民主政治

VI. Improving the System of Institutions through Which the People Run the Country and Developing Socialist Democracy

我國是工人階級領導的、以工農聯盟為基礎的人民民主專政的社會主義國家,國家一切權力屬于人民。我國社會主義民主是維護人民根本利益的最廣泛、最真實、最管用的民主。發展社會主義民主政治就是要體現人民意志、保障人民權益、激發人民創造活力,用制度體系保證人民當家作主。

China is a socialist country of people’s democratic dictatorship under the leadership of the working class based on an alliance of workers and farmers; it is a country where all power of the state belongs to the people. China’s socialist democracy is the broadest, most genuine, and most effective democracy to safeguard the fundamental interests of the people. The very purpose of developing socialist democracy is to give full expression to the will of the people, protect their rights and interests, spark their creativity, and provide systemic and institutional guarantees to ensure the people run the country.

中國特色社會主義政治發展道路,是近代以來中國人民長期奮斗歷史邏輯、理論邏輯、實踐邏輯的必然結果,是堅持黨的本質屬性、踐行黨的根本宗旨的必然要求。世界上沒有完全相同的政治制度模式,政治制度不能脫離特定社會政治條件和歷史文化傳統來抽象評判,不能定于一尊,不能生搬硬套外國政治制度模式。要長期堅持、不斷發展我國社會主義民主政治,積極穩妥推進政治體制改革,推進社會主義民主政治制度化、規范化、程序化,保證人民依法通過各種途徑和形式管理國家事務,管理經濟文化事業,管理社會事務,鞏固和發展生動活潑、安定團結的政治局面。

The path of socialist political advancement with Chinese characteristics is the logical outcome of the evolution of history, theory, and practice as the Chinese people have long engaged in struggles since the advent of modern times. It is a requisite for maintaining the very nature of the Party and fulfilling its fundamental purpose. No two political systems are entirely the same, and a political system cannot be judged in abstraction without regard for its social and political context, its history, and its cultural traditions. No one political system should be regarded as the only choice; and we should not just mechanically copy the political systems of other countries. We must uphold long term and steadily strengthen China’s socialist democracy, make active and prudent efforts to advance the reform of the political system, and improve the institutions, standards, and procedures of socialist democracy. We should ensure that people participate, in accordance with law and in various ways and forms, in the management of state, economic, cultural, and social affairs, and consolidate and enhance political stability, unity, and vitality.

(一)堅持黨的領導、人民當家作主、依法治國有機統一。黨的領導是人民當家作主和依法治國的根本保證,人民當家作主是社會主義民主政治的本質特征,依法治國是黨領導人民治理國家的基本方式,三者統一于我國社會主義民主政治偉大實踐。在我國政治生活中,黨是居于領導地位的,加強黨的集中統一領導,支持人大、政府、政協和法院、檢察院依法依章程履行職能、開展工作、發揮作用,這兩個方面是統一的。要改進黨的領導方式和執政方式,保證黨領導人民有效治理國家;擴大人民有序政治參與,保證人民依法實行民主選舉、民主協商、民主決策、民主管理、民主監督;維護國家法制統一、尊嚴、權威,加強人權法治保障,保證人民依法享有廣泛權利和自由。鞏固基層政權,完善基層民主制度,保障人民知情權、參與權、表達權、監督權。健全依法決策機制,構建決策科學、執行堅決、監督有力的權力運行機制。各級領導干部要增強民主意識,發揚民主作風,接受人民監督,當好人民公仆。

1. Upholding the unity of Party leadership, the running of the country by the people, and law-based governance

Party leadership is the fundamental guarantee for ensuring that the people run the country and governance in China is law-based; that the people run the country is an essential feature of socialist democracy; and law-based governance is the basic way for the Party to lead the people in governing the country. These three elements are integral components of socialist democracy. In China’s political life, our Party exercises leadership. Strengthening the centralized, unified leadership of the Party on the one hand and, on the other, supporting the people’s congresses, governments, committees of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), courts, and procuratorates in performing their functions and playing their roles in accordance with the law and their charters, form a unified pair. We will improve the way the Party exercises leadership and governance to ensure that it leads the people in effectively governing the country. We will expand the people’s orderly political participation to see that in accordance with law they engage in democratic elections, consultations, decision-making, management, and oversight. We should uphold the unity, sanctity, and authority of China’s legal system, and strengthen legal protection for human rights to ensure that the people enjoy extensive rights and freedoms as prescribed by law. We should both consolidate government and improve the institutions of democracy at the primary level to ensure the people’s rights to be informed, to participate, to be heard, and to oversee. We will improve mechanisms for law-based decision-making, and put in place mechanisms for the exercise of power that ensure sound decision-making, resolute execution, and effective oversight. Officials at all levels must deepen their understanding of democracy, be democratic in their conduct, willingly accept public oversight, and perform as they should in their role as public servants.

(二)加強人民當家作主制度保障。人民代表大會制度是堅持黨的領導、人民當家作主、依法治國有機統一的根本政治制度安排,必須長期堅持、不斷完善。要支持和保證人民通過人民代表大會行使國家權力。發揮人大及其常委會在立法工作中的主導作用,健全人大組織制度和工作制度,支持和保證人大依法行使立法權、監督權、決定權、任免權,更好發揮人大代表作用,使各級人大及其常委會成為全面擔負起憲法法律賦予的各項職責的工作機關,成為同人民群眾保持密切聯系的代表機關。完善人大專門委員會設置,優化人大常委會和專門委員會組成人員結構。

2. Strengthening institutional guarantees to ensure the people run the country

We must uphold long term and steadily improve the system of people’s congresses, a political system fundamental to the Party’s leadership, the running of the country by the people, and law-based governance. We should support and ensure the people’s exercise of state power through people’s congresses. We should see to it that people’s congresses and their standing committees play the leading role in lawmaking, and improve the organizational and working systems of people’s congresses to support and ensure the exercise of their statutory powers of enacting laws, conducting oversight, making decisions, and appointing and removing officials. We should give better play to the role of deputies to people’s congresses, and enable people’s congresses at all levels and their standing committees to fully perform their functions as stipulated in the Constitution and the law, and to truly represent the people and maintain close ties with them. We should improve the setup of special committees of people’s congresses and the composition of their standing committees and special committees.

(三)發揮社會主義協商民主重要作用。有事好商量,眾人的事情由眾人商量,是人民民主的真諦。協商民主是實現黨的領導的重要方式,是我國社會主義民主政治的特有形式和獨特優勢。要推動協商民主廣泛、多層、制度化發展,統籌推進政黨協商、人大協商、政府協商、政協協商、人民團體協商、基層協商以及社會組織協商。加強協商民主制度建設,形成完整的制度程序和參與實踐,保證人民在日常政治生活中有廣泛持續深入參與的權利。

3. Giving play to the important role of socialist consultative democracy

The essence of the people’s democracy is that the people get to discuss their own affairs. Consultative democracy is an important way of effecting Party leadership and a model and strength unique to China’s socialist democracy. We will advance extensive, multilevel, and institutionalized development of consultative democracy, and adopt a coordinated approach to promoting consultations carried out by political parties, people’s congresses, government departments, CPPCC committees, people’s organizations, communities, and social organizations. We will strengthen the institutions of consultative democracy and develop complete procedures and practices to enable the people’s broad, continuous, and intensive participation in day-to-day political activities.

人民政協是具有中國特色的制度安排,是社會主義協商民主的重要渠道和專門協商機構。人民政協工作要聚焦黨和國家中心任務,圍繞團結和民主兩大主題,把協商民主貫穿政治協商、民主監督、參政議政全過程,完善協商議政內容和形式,著力增進共識、促進團結。加強人民政協民主監督,重點監督黨和國家重大方針政策和重要決策部署的貫徹落實。增強人民政協界別的代表性,加強委員隊伍建設。

The CPPCC, as a distinctively Chinese political institution, is a major channel for socialist consultative democracy, and its committees are specialist consultative bodies. The CPPCC committees should focus on the Party and the country’s key tasks. With the themes of unity and democracy in mind, they should exercise consultative democracy throughout the whole process of political consultation, democratic oversight, and participation in the deliberation and administration of state affairs; and they should improve the content and forms of consultation and deliberation to build consensus and promote unity. They should strengthen democratic oversight, focusing on the implementation of the major principles, policies, decisions, and plans of the Party and the state. They should better represent the different social sectors and strengthen the competence of their members.

(四)深化依法治國實踐。全面依法治國是國家治理的一場深刻革命,必須堅持厲行法治,推進科學立法、嚴格執法、公正司法、全民守法。成立中央全面依法治國領導小組,加強對法治中國建設的統一領導。加強憲法實施和監督,推進合憲性審查工作,維護憲法權威。推進科學立法、民主立法、依法立法,以良法促進發展、保障善治。建設法治政府,推進依法行政,嚴格規范公正文明執法。深化司法體制綜合配套改革,全面落實司法責任制,努力讓人民群眾在每一個司法案件中感受到公平正義。加大全民普法力度,建設社會主義法治文化,樹立憲法法律至上、法律面前人人平等的法治理念。各級黨組織和全體黨員要帶頭尊法學法守法用法,任何組織和個人都不得有超越憲法法律的特權,絕不允許以言代法、以權壓法、逐利違法、徇私枉法。

4. Advancing law-based governance

Advancing law-based governance in all fields is a profound revolution in China’s governance. We must promote the rule of law and work to ensure sound lawmaking, strict law enforcement, impartial administration of justice, and the observance of law by everyone. A central leading group for advancing law-based governance in all areas will be set up to exercise unified leadership over the initiative to build rule of law in China. We will strengthen oversight to ensure compliance with the Constitution, advance constitutionality review, and safeguard the authority of the Constitution. We will carry out lawmaking in a well-conceived and democratic way and in accordance with law, so that good laws are made to promote development and ensure good governance. We will build a rule of law government, promote law-based government administration, and see that law is enforced in a strict, procedure-based, impartial, and non-abusive way. We will carry out comprehensive and integrated reform of the judicial system and enforce judicial accountability in all respects, so that the people can see in every judicial case that justice is served. We will redouble efforts to raise public awareness of the law, develop a socialist culture of rule of law, and increase public awareness of the principle underlying rule of law that the Constitution and the law are above everything else and that everyone is equal before the law. Every Party organization and every Party member must take the lead in respecting, learning about, observing, and applying the law. No organization or individual has the power to overstep the Constitution or the law; and no one is allowed in any way to override the law with his or her own orders, place his or her authority above the law, violate the law for personal gain, or abuse the law.

(五)深化機構和行政體制改革。統籌考慮各類機構設置,科學配置黨政部門及內設機構權力、明確職責。統籌使用各類編制資源,形成科學合理的管理體制,完善國家機構組織法。轉變政府職能,深化簡政放權,創新監管方式,增強政府公信力和執行力,建設人民滿意的服務型政府。賦予省級及以下政府更多自主權。在省市縣對職能相近的黨政機關探索合并設立或合署辦公。深化事業單位改革,強化公益屬性,推進政事分開、事企分開、管辦分離。

5. Deepening reform of Party and government institutions and the system of government administration

We will adopt a comprehensive approach to the setup of Party and government institutions, and ensure that powers are designated properly and functions and duties are defined clearly both for the institutions themselves and their internal bodies. We will use various types of staffing resources in a coordinated way, develop a sound system of administration, and improve the organic law for state institutions. The government needs to transform its functions, further streamline administration and delegate powers, develop new ways of regulation and supervision, and strengthen its credibility and administrative capacity, building itself into a service-oriented government able to satisfy the needs of the people. More decision making power should be given to governments at and below the provincial level, and ways should be explored to merge Party and government bodies with similar functions at the provincial, prefectural, and county levels or for them to work together as one office while keeping separate identities. We will deepen the reform of public institutions to see that they focus on serving public interests, relieve them of government functions, keep them away from business activities, and let them run their own day-to-day operations while maintaining supervision over them.

(六)鞏固和發展愛國統一戰線。統一戰線是黨的事業取得勝利的重要法寶,必須長期堅持。要高舉愛國主義、社會主義旗幟,牢牢把握大團結大聯合的主題,堅持一致性和多樣性統一,找到最大公約數,畫出最大同心圓。堅持長期共存、互相監督、肝膽相照、榮辱與共,支持民主黨派按照中國特色社會主義參政黨要求更好履行職能。全面貫徹黨的民族政策,深化民族團結進步教育,鑄牢中華民族共同體意識,加強各民族交往交流交融,促進各民族像石榴籽一樣緊緊抱在一起,共同團結奮斗、共同繁榮發展。全面貫徹黨的宗教工作基本方針,堅持我國宗教的中國化方向,積極引導宗教與社會主義社會相適應。加強黨外知識分子工作,做好新的社會階層人士工作,發揮他們在中國特色社會主義事業中的重要作用。構建親清新型政商關系,促進非公有制經濟健康發展和非公有制經濟人士健康成長。廣泛團結聯系海外僑胞和歸僑僑眷,共同致力于中華民族偉大復興。

6. Consolidating and developing the patriotic united front

The united front is an important way to ensure the success of the Party’s cause, and we must maintain commitment to it long term. We must uphold the banner of patriotism and socialism, strive to achieve great unity and solidarity, balance commonality and diversity, and expand common ground and the convergence of interests. In handling its relationships with other Chinese political parties, the Communist Party of China is guided by the principles of long-term coexistence, mutual oversight, sincerity, and sharing the rough times and the smooth, and it supports these parties in performing their duties in accordance with the requirements of the Chinese socialist system for their participation in governance. We will fully implement the Party’s policies concerning ethnic groups, heighten public awareness of ethnic unity and progress, and create a strong sense of community for the Chinese nation. We will encourage more exchanges and interactions among different ethnic groups, helping them remain closely united like the seeds of a pomegranate that stick together, and work jointly for common prosperity and development. We will fully implement the Party’s basic policy on religious affairs, uphold the principle that religions in China must be Chinese in orientation and provide active guidance to religions so that they can adapt themselves to socialist society. We will encourage intellectuals who are not Party members and people belonging to new social groups to play the important roles they have in building socialism with Chinese characteristics. We should form a new type of cordial and clean relationship between government and business, promote healthy growth of the non-public sector of the economy, and encourage those working in this sector to achieve success. We will maintain extensive contacts with overseas Chinese nationals, returned Chinese and their relatives and unite them so that they can join our endeavors to revitalize the Chinese nation.

同志們!中國特色社會主義政治制度是中國共產黨和中國人民的偉大創造。我們完全有信心、有能力把我國社會主義民主政治的優勢和特點充分發揮出來,為人類政治文明進步作出充滿中國智慧的貢獻!

Comrades,

The political system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a great creation of the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people. We have every confidence that we can give full play to the strengths and distinctive features of China’s socialist democracy, and make China’s contribution to the political advancement of mankind.

七、堅定文化自信,推動社會主義文化繁榮興盛

VII. Building Stronger Cultural Confidence and Helping Socialist Culture to Flourish

文化是一個國家、一個民族的靈魂。文化興國運興,文化強民族強。沒有高度的文化自信,沒有文化的繁榮興盛,就沒有中華民族偉大復興。要堅持中國特色社會主義文化發展道路,激發全民族文化創新創造活力,建設社會主義文化強國。

Culture is a country and nation’s soul. Our country will thrive only if our culture thrives, and our nation will be strong only if our culture is strong. Without full confidence in our culture, without a rich and prosperous culture, the Chinese nation will not be able to rejuvenate itself. We must develop a socialist culture with Chinese characteristics, inspire the cultural creativity of our whole nation, and develop a great socialist culture in China.

中國特色社會主義文化,源自于中華民族五千多年文明歷史所孕育的中華優秀傳統文化,熔鑄于黨領導人民在革命、建設、改革中創造的革命文化和社會主義先進文化,植根于中國特色社會主義偉大實踐。發展中國特色社會主義文化,就是以馬克思主義為指導,堅守中華文化立場,立足當代中國現實,結合當今時代條件,發展面向現代化、面向世界、面向未來的,民族的科學的大眾的社會主義文化,推動社會主義精神文明和物質文明協調發展。要堅持為人民服務、為社會主義服務,堅持百花齊放、百家爭鳴,堅持創造性轉化、創新性發展,不斷鑄就中華文化新輝煌。

Socialist culture with Chinese characteristics is derived from China’s fine traditional culture, which was born of the Chinese civilization and nurtured over more than 5,000 years; it has grown out of the revolutionary and advanced socialist culture that developed over the course of the Chinese people’s revolution, construction, and reform under the Party’s leadership; and it is rooted in the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics. To develop socialist culture with Chinese characteristics means to develop a socialist culture for our nation—a culture that is sound and people-oriented, that embraces modernization, the world, and the future, and that both promotes socialist material wellbeing and raises socialist cultural-ethical standards. In developing this culture, we must follow the guidance of Marxism, base our efforts on Chinese culture, and take into account the realities of contemporary China and the conditions of the present era. We should ensure that this culture serves the people and serves socialism. We should follow the principle of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools of thought contend, and encourage creative transformation and development, so as to add new luster to Chinese culture.

(一)牢牢掌握意識形態工作領導權。意識形態決定文化前進方向和發展道路。必須推進馬克思主義中國化時代化大眾化,建設具有強大凝聚力和引領力的社會主義意識形態,使全體人民在理想信念、價值理念、道德觀念上緊緊團結在一起。要加強理論武裝,推動新時代中國特色社會主義思想深入人心。深化馬克思主義理論研究和建設,加快構建中國特色哲學社會科學,加強中國特色新型智庫建設。堅持正確輿論導向,高度重視傳播手段建設和創新,提高新聞輿論傳播力、引導力、影響力、公信力。加強互聯網內容建設,建立網絡綜合治理體系,營造清朗的網絡空間。落實意識形態工作責任制,加強陣地建設和管理,注意區分政治原則問題、思想認識問題、學術觀點問題,旗幟鮮明反對和抵制各種錯誤觀點。

1. Holding firmly the leading position in ideological work

Ideology determines the direction a culture should take and the path it should follow as it develops. We must continue to adapt Marxism to China’s conditions, keep it up-to-date, and enhance its popular appeal. We will develop socialist ideology that has the ability to unite and the power to inspire the people to embrace shared ideals, convictions, values, and moral standards. We will better arm ourselves with theory and increase the public appeal of the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. We will work harder to study and develop Marxist theory, work faster to develop philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics, and develop new types of think tanks with distinctive Chinese features. We will maintain the right tone in public communication, give priority to improving means of communication and to creating new ones, and strengthen the penetration, guidance, influence, and credibility of the media. We will provide more and better online content and put in place a system for integrated internet management to ensure a clean cyberspace. We will implement the system of responsibility for ideological work, and further consolidate our positions and improve management in this field. We will distinguish between matters of political principle, issues of understanding and thinking, and academic viewpoints, but we must oppose and resist various erroneous views with a clear stand.

(二)培育和踐行社會主義核心價值觀。社會主義核心價值觀是當代中國精神的集中體現,凝結著全體人民共同的價值追求。要以培養擔當民族復興大任的時代新人為著眼點,強化教育引導、實踐養成、制度保障,發揮社會主義核心價值觀對國民教育、精神文明創建、精神文化產品創作生產傳播的引領作用,把社會主義核心價值觀融入社會發展各方面,轉化為人們的情感認同和行為習慣。堅持全民行動、干部帶頭,從家庭做起,從娃娃抓起。深入挖掘中華優秀傳統文化蘊含的思想觀念、人文精神、道德規范,結合時代要求繼承創新,讓中華文化展現出永久魅力和時代風采。

2. Cultivating and observing core socialist values

Core socialist values represent the contemporary Chinese spirit and are a crystallization of the values shared by all Chinese people. We will focus on fostering a new generation capable of shouldering the mission of national rejuvenation; we will offer them better guidance, expose them to practice, and provide institutional guarantees. We will draw on core socialist values to guide education, efforts to raise cultural-ethical standards, and the creation, production, and distribution of cultural and intellectual products, and see that all areas of social development are imbued with these values and that they become part of people’s thinking and behavior. To this end, we will encourage extensive public involvement, making our officials take the lead and starting with families and children. We will draw on China’s fine traditional culture, keep alive and develop its vision, concepts, values, and moral norms, and do so in a way that responds to the call of our era. With this we will see that Chinese culture maintains its appeal and evolves with the times.

(三)加強思想道德建設。人民有信仰,國家有力量,民族有希望。要提高人民思想覺悟、道德水準、文明素養,提高全社會文明程度。廣泛開展理想信念教育,深化中國特色社會主義和中國夢宣傳教育,弘揚民族精神和時代精神,加強愛國主義、集體主義、社會主義教育,引導人們樹立正確的歷史觀、民族觀、國家觀、文化觀。深入實施公民道德建設工程,推進社會公德、職業道德、家庭美德、個人品德建設,激勵人們向上向善、孝老愛親,忠于祖國、忠于人民。加強和改進思想政治工作,深化群眾性精神文明創建活動。弘揚科學精神,普及科學知識,開展移風易俗、弘揚時代新風行動,抵制腐朽落后文化侵蝕。推進誠信建設和志愿服務制度化,強化社會責任意識、規則意識、奉獻意識。

3. Raising intellectual and moral standards

When the people have ideals, their country will have strength, and their nation will have a bright future. We will help our people raise their political awareness and moral standards, foster appreciation of fine culture, and enhance social etiquette and civility. We will undertake extensive public awareness activities to help the people develop firm ideals and convictions, build their awareness of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the Chinese Dream, foster a Chinese ethos and a readiness to respond to the call of our times, strengthen the guiding role of patriotism, collectivism, and socialism, and see that the people develop an accurate understanding of history, ethnicity, country, and culture. We will launch a civic morality campaign to raise public ethical standards, and enhance work ethics, family virtues, and personal integrity. We will encourage our people to strive for excellence and to develop stronger virtues, respect the elderly, love families, and be loyal to the country and the people. We will improve and strengthen our ideological and political work, and launch initiatives to raise the public’s cultural-ethical standards. We will promote the spirit of science and make scientific knowledge widely attainable; we will work to see the back of outdated social mores and to promote good and up-to-date practices and trends; and we will resist the corrosive influence of backward and decadent culture. We will promote credibility building, institutionalize volunteer services, and heighten people’s sense of social responsibility, awareness of rules, and sense of dedication.

(四)繁榮發展社會主義文藝。社會主義文藝是人民的文藝,必須堅持以人民為中心的創作導向,在深入生活、扎根人民中進行無愧于時代的文藝創造。要繁榮文藝創作,堅持思想精深、藝術精湛、制作精良相統一,加強現實題材創作,不斷推出謳歌黨、謳歌祖國、謳歌人民、謳歌英雄的精品力作。發揚學術民主、藝術民主,提升文藝原創力,推動文藝創新。倡導講品位、講格調、講責任,抵制低俗、庸俗、媚俗。加強文藝隊伍建設,造就一大批德藝雙馨名家大師,培育一大批高水平創作人才。

4. Seeing socialist literature and art thrive

Socialist literature and art are for the people: Writers and artists should take a people-centered approach and draw inspiration from everyday life and the experiences of the people to produce works that do justice to our times. We encourage them to create fine works that are thought provoking and of a high artistic standard, that reflect real life, and that extol our Party, our country, our people, and our heroes. We will foster democracy in academic research and artistic pursuit, and encourage originality and experimentation with new approaches in the creation of literature and art. We encourage the cultivation of fine tastes, style, and a sense of responsibility, and reject vulgarity and kitsch in literary and artistic creation. We will strengthen the professional standards of artists and writers to see the emergence of a large number of eminent figures who have moral integrity and outstanding artistic appeal, and creators of inspiring works.

(五)推動文化事業和文化產業發展。滿足人民過上美好生活的新期待,必須提供豐富的精神食糧。要深化文化體制改革,完善文化管理體制,加快構建把社會效益放在首位、社會效益和經濟效益相統一的體制機制。完善公共文化服務體系,深入實施文化惠民工程,豐富群眾性文化活動。加強文物?;だ煤臀幕挪;ご?。健全現代文化產業體系和市場體系,創新生產經營機制,完善文化經濟政策,培育新型文化業態。廣泛開展全民健身活動,加快推進體育強國建設,籌辦好北京冬奧會、冬殘奧會。加強中外人文交流,以我為主、兼收并蓄。推進國際傳播能力建設,講好中國故事,展現真實、立體、全面的中國,提高國家文化軟實力。

5. Promoting the development of cultural programs and industries

To meet the people’s new aspirations for a better life, we must provide them with rich intellectual nourishment. We need to deepen structural reform of the cultural sector, improve the cultural management system, and accelerate the establishment of systems and mechanisms that put social benefits first while pursuing economic returns. We will improve the public cultural service system, carry out public-interest cultural programs, and launch more popular cultural activities. We will strengthen protection and utilization of cultural relics, and better preserve and carry forward our cultural heritage. We will improve modern systems for cultural industries and markets, explore new mechanisms for cultural production and operation, improve economic policy on the development of the cultural sector, and develop new forms of business in this sector. We will carry out extensive Fitness-for-All programs, speed up efforts to build China into a country strong on sports, and make smooth preparations for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. We will strengthen people-to-people and cultural exchanges with other countries, giving prominence to Chinese culture while also drawing on other cultures. We will improve our capacity for engaging in international communication so as to tell China’s stories well, present a true, multi-dimensional, and panoramic view of China, and enhance our country’s cultural soft power.

同志們!中國共產黨從成立之日起,既是中國先進文化的積極引領者和踐行者,又是中華優秀傳統文化的忠實傳承者和弘揚者。當代中國共產黨人和中國人民應該而且一定能夠擔負起新的文化使命,在實踐創造中進行文化創造,在歷史進步中實現文化進步!

Comrades,

Since its founding, the Communist Party of China has actively guided and promoted China’s advanced culture while keeping China’s fine traditional culture alive and strong. Today, we Chinese Communists and the Chinese people should and can shoulder our new cultural mission, make cultural creations through practice, and promote cultural advancement along with the progress of history.

八、提高保障和改善民生水平,加強和創新社會治理

VIII. Growing Better at Ensuring and Improving People’s Wellbeing and Strengthening and Developing New Approaches to Social Governance

全黨必須牢記,為什么人的問題,是檢驗一個政黨、一個政權性質的試金石。帶領人民創造美好生活,是我們黨始終不渝的奮斗目標。必須始終把人民利益擺在至高無上的地位,讓改革發展成果更多更公平惠及全體人民,朝著實現全體人民共同富裕不斷邁進。

Everyone in the Party must keep firmly in mind that the nature of a political party and of a government is determined by those whom they serve. To lead the people to a better life is our Party’s abiding goal. We must put the people’s interests above all else, see that the gains of reform and development benefit all our people in a fair way, and strive to achieve shared prosperity for everyone.

保障和改善民生要抓住人民最關心最直接最現實的利益問題,既盡力而為,又量力而行,一件事情接著一件事情辦,一年接著一年干。堅持人人盡責、人人享有,堅守底線、突出重點、完善制度、引導預期,完善公共服務體系,保障群眾基本生活,不斷滿足人民日益增長的美好生活需要,不斷促進社會公平正義,形成有效的社會治理、良好的社會秩序,使人民獲得感、幸福感、安全感更加充實、更有保障、更可持續。

As we work to ensure and improve people’s wellbeing, we must focus on the most pressing, most immediate issues that concern the people the most. We will do everything in our capacity, and work away at issue by issue, year in and year out. We will see that everyone performs their duties and shares in the benefits. We will see basic needs are met, prioritize key areas, improve institutions, and guide public expectations. We will improve the public service system, ensure people’s basic quality of life, and keep up with people’s ever-growing needs for a better life. We will continue to promote social fairness and justice, develop effective social governance, and maintain public order. With this we should see that our people will always have a strong sense of fulfillment, happiness, and security.

(一)優先發展教育事業。建設教育強國是中華民族偉大復興的基礎工程,必須把教育事業放在優先位置,深化教育改革,加快教育現代化,辦好人民滿意的教育。要全面貫徹黨的教育方針,落實立德樹人根本任務,發展素質教育,推進教育公平,培養德智體美全面發展的社會主義建設者和接班人。推動城鄉義務教育一體化發展,高度重視農村義務教育,辦好學前教育、特殊教育和網絡教育,普及高中階段教育,努力讓每個孩子都能享有公平而有質量的教育。完善職業教育和培訓體系,深化產教融合、校企合作。加快一流大學和一流學科建設,實現高等教育內涵式發展。健全學生資助制度,使絕大多數城鄉新增勞動力接受高中階段教育、更多接受高等教育。支持和規范社會力量興辦教育。加強師德師風建設,培養高素質教師隊伍,倡導全社會尊師重教。辦好繼續教育,加快建設學習型社會,大力提高國民素質。

1. Giving priority to developing education

Strengthening education is fundamental to our pursuit of national rejuvenation. We must give priority to education, further reform in education, speed up its modernization, and develop education that people are satisfied with. We should fully implement the Party’s education policy, foster virtue through education, enhance our students’ well-rounded development, promote fairness in education, and nurture a new generation of capable young people who have a good and all-round moral, intellectual, physical, and aesthetical grounding and are well-prepared to join the socialist cause. We will promote the coordinated development of compulsory education in urban and rural areas, while giving particular attention to rural areas. We will improve preschool education, special needs education, and online education, make senior secondary education universally available, and strive to see that each and every child has fair access to good education. We will improve the system of vocational education and training, and promote integration between industry and education and cooperation between enterprises and colleges. We will move faster to build Chinese universities into world-class universities and develop world-class disciplines as we work to bring out the full potential of higher education. We will improve the system of financial aid to students, and work to see that the vast majority of the new members of the urban and rural labor force have received senior secondary education, and that more and more of them receive higher education. We will support the well-regulated development of private schools. We will strengthen the professional ethics and competence of teachers, and encourage public respect for educators and public support for education. We will improve continuing education, step up efforts to build a learning society, and promote the well-rounded development of all our people.

(二)提高就業質量和人民收入水平。就業是最大的民生。要堅持就業優先戰略和積極就業政策,實現更高質量和更充分就業。大規??怪耙導寄芘嘌?,注重解決結構性就業矛盾,鼓勵創業帶動就業。提供全方位公共就業服務,促進高校畢業生等青年群體、農民工多渠道就業創業。破除妨礙勞動力、人才社會性流動的體制機制弊端,使人人都有通過辛勤勞動實現自身發展的機會。完善政府、工會、企業共同參與的協商協調機制,構建和諧勞動關系。堅持按勞分配原則,完善按要素分配的體制機制,促進收入分配更合理、更有序。鼓勵勤勞守法致富,擴大中等收入群體,增加低收入者收入,調節過高收入,取締非法收入。堅持在經濟增長的同時實現居民收入同步增長、在勞動生產率提高的同時實現勞動報酬同步提高。拓寬居民勞動收入和財產性收入渠道。履行好政府再分配調節職能,加快推進基本公共服務均等化,縮小收入分配差距。

2. Improving the quality of employment and raising incomes

Employment is pivotal to people’s wellbeing. We must give high priority to employment and pursue a proactive employment policy, striving to achieve fuller employment and create better quality jobs. We will launch vocational skills training programs on a big scale, give particular attention to tackling structural unemployment, and create more jobs by encouraging business startups. We will provide extensive public employment services to open more channels for college graduates and other young people as well as migrant rural workers to find jobs and start their own businesses. We must remove institutional barriers that block the social mobility of labor and talent and ensure that every one of our people has the chance to pursue career through hard work. We will improve mechanisms for joint discussion and mediation involving government, trade unions, and employers in an effort to ensure harmonious labor relations. We will continue to follow the principle of distribution according to one’s work while improving our institutions and mechanisms for distribution based on factors of production, so as to make income distribution fairer and more orderly. We will encourage people to make their money through hard work and legal means. We will expand the size of the middle-income group, increase income for people on low incomes, adjust excessive incomes, and prohibit illicit income. We will work to see that individual incomes grow in step with economic development, and pay rises in tandem with increases in labor productivity. We will expand the channels for people to make work-based earnings and property income. We will see that government plays its function of adjusting redistribution, move faster to ensure equitable access to basic public services and narrow the gaps in incomes.

(三)加強社會保障體系建設。按照兜底線、織密網、建機制的要求,全面建成覆蓋全民、城鄉統籌、權責清晰、保障適度、可持續的多層次社會保障體系。全面實施全民參保計劃。完善城鎮職工基本養老保險和城鄉居民基本養老保險制度,盡快實現養老保險全國統籌。完善統一的城鄉居民基本醫療保險制度和大病保險制度。完善失業、工傷保險制度。建立全國統一的社會保險公共服務平臺。統籌城鄉社會救助體系,完善最低生活保障制度。堅持男女平等基本國策,保障婦女兒童合法權益。完善社會救助、社會福利、慈善事業、優撫安置等制度,健全農村留守兒童和婦女、老年人關愛服務體系。發展殘疾人事業,加強殘疾康復服務。堅持房子是用來住的、不是用來炒的定位,加快建立多主體供給、多渠道保障、租購并舉的住房制度,讓全體人民住有所居。

3. Strengthening the social security system

We will act on the policy requirements to help those most in need, to build a tightly woven safety net, and to build the necessary institutions, as we work to develop a sustainable multi-tiered social security system that covers the entire population in both urban and rural areas, with clearly defined rights and responsibilities, and support that hits the right level. We will work to see that everyone has access to social security. We will improve the basic pension schemes for urban employees and for rural and non-working urban residents, and quickly bring pension schemes under national unified management. We will improve the unified systems of basic medical insurance and serious disease insurance for rural and non-working urban residents, and improve

unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance. We will establish a unified national platform for social security public services. We will promote the coordinated development of the social assistance systems for urban and rural residents, and improve the subsistence allowances system. We must adhere to the fundamental national policy of gender equality, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of women and minors. We will improve our systems for social assistance, social welfare, charity, and entitled groups’ benefits and services. We will improve the system for supporting and caring for children, women, and elderly people left behind in rural areas. We will develop programs for people with disabilities and work to provide better rehabilitation services for them. We must not forget that housing is for living in, not for speculation. With this in mind, we will move faster to put in place a housing system that ensures supply through multiple sources, provides housing support through multiple channels, and encourages both housing purchase and renting. This will make us better placed to meet the housing needs of all of our people.

(四)堅決打贏脫貧攻堅戰。讓貧困人口和貧困地區同全國一道進入全面小康社會是我們黨的莊嚴承諾。要動員全黨全國全社會力量,堅持精準扶貧、精準脫貧,堅持中央統籌省負總責市縣抓落實的工作機制,強化黨政一把手負總責的責任制,堅持大扶貧格局,注重扶貧同扶志、扶智相結合,深入實施東西部扶貧協作,重點攻克深度貧困地區脫貧任務,確保到二○二○年我國現行標準下農村貧困人口實現脫貧,貧困縣全部摘帽,解決區域性整體貧困,做到脫真貧、真脫貧。

4. Winning the battle against poverty

Seeing that poor people and poor areas will enter the moderately prosperous society together with the rest of the country is a solemn promise made by our Party. We should mobilize the energies of our whole Party, our whole country, and our whole society, and continue to implement targeted poverty reduction and alleviation measures. We will operate on the basis of a working mechanism whereby the central government makes overall plans, provincial-level governments take overall responsibility, and city and county governments ensure implementation; and we will strengthen the system for making heads of Party committees and governments at each level assume the overall responsibility for poverty alleviation. We will continue to advance poverty reduction drawing on the joint efforts of government, society, and the market. We will pay particular attention to helping people increase confidence in their own ability to lift themselves out of poverty and see that they can access the education they need to do so. We will strengthen collaboration on poverty alleviation between the eastern and western regions; and we will provide focused assistance to areas of extreme poverty. We must ensure that by the year 2020, all rural residents living below the current poverty line have been lifted out of poverty, and poverty is eliminated in all poor counties and regions. Poverty alleviation should reach those who truly need it and deliver genuine outcomes.

(五)實施健康中國戰略。人民健康是民族昌盛和國家富強的重要標志。要完善國民健康政策,為人民群眾提供全方位全周期健康服務。深化醫藥衛生體制改革,全面建立中國特色基本醫療衛生制度、醫療保障制度和優質高效的醫療衛生服務體系,健全現代醫院管理制度。加強基層醫療衛生服務體系和全科醫生隊伍建設。全面取消以藥養醫,健全藥品供應保障制度。堅持預防為主,深入開展愛國衛生運動,倡導健康文明生活方式,預防控制重大疾病。實施食品安全戰略,讓人民吃得放心。堅持中西醫并重,傳承發展中醫藥事業。支持社會辦醫,發展健康產業。促進生育政策和相關經濟社會政策配套銜接,加強人口發展戰略研究?;Χ勻絲誒狹浠?,構建養老、孝老、敬老政策體系和社會環境,推進醫養結合,加快老齡事業和產業發展。

5. Carrying out the Healthy China initiative

A healthy population is a key mark of a prosperous nation and a strong country. We will improve the national health policy, and ensure the delivery of comprehensive lifecycle health services for our people. We will deepen reform of the medicine and healthcare system, establish distinctively Chinese systems for providing basic healthcare, medical insurance, and quality and efficient healthcare services, and develop a sound modern hospital management system. We will improve community-level healthcare services, and strengthen the ranks of general practitioners. We will put an end to the practices of hospitals funding their operations with profits from overpriced drugs, and improve the system for medicine supply. We will, with emphasis on prevention, carry out extensive patriotic health campaigns, promote healthy and positive lifestyles, and prevent and control major diseases. We will initiate a food safety strategy to ensure that people have peace of mind about what they’re putting on their plates. We will support both traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine, and ensure the preservation and development of traditional Chinese medicine. We will support the development of private hospitals and health-related industries. We will work to ensure that our childbirth policy meshes with related economic and social policies, and carry out research on the population development strategy. As we respond proactively to population aging, we will adopt policies and foster a social environment in which senior citizens are respected, cared for, and live happily in their later years. We will provide integrated elderly care and medical services, and accelerate the development of old-age programs and industries.

(六)打造共建共治共享的社會治理格局。加強社會治理制度建設,完善黨委領導、政府負責、社會協同、公眾參與、法治保障的社會治理體制,提高社會治理社會化、法治化、智能化、專業化水平。加強預防和化解社會矛盾機制建設,正確處理人民內部矛盾。樹立安全發展理念,弘揚生命至上、安全第一的思想,健全公共安全體系,完善安全生產責任制,堅決遏制重特大安全事故,提升防災減災救災能力。加快社會治安防控體系建設,依法打擊和懲治黃賭毒黑拐騙等違法犯罪活動,?;と嗣袢松砣?、財產權、人格權。加強社會心理服務體系建設,培育自尊自信、理性平和、積極向上的社會心態。加強社區治理體系建設,推動社會治理重心向基層下移,發揮社會組織作用,實現政府治理和社會調節、居民自治良性互動。

6. Establishing a social governance model based on collaboration, participation, and common interests

We will step up institution building in social governance and improve the law-based social governance model under which Party committees exercise leadership, government assumes responsibility, non-governmental actors provide assistance, and the public get involved. We will strengthen public participation and rule of law in social governance, and make such governance smarter and more specialized. We will improve mechanisms for preventing and defusing social tensions, and properly handle problems among the people. We will promote safe development, and raise public awareness that life matters most and that safety comes first; we will improve the public safety system and the responsibility system for workplace safety; we will take resolute measures to prevent serious and major accidents, and build up our capacity for disaster prevention, mitigation, and relief. We will accelerate development of the crime prevention and control system, combat and punish in accordance with law all illegal and criminal activities such as pornography, gambling, drug abuse, gang violence, kidnapping, and fraud, and protect people’s personal rights, property rights, and right to dignity. We will improve the system of public psychological services, and cultivate self-esteem, self-confidence, rationality, composure, and optimism among our people. We will strengthen the system for community governance, shift the focus of social governance to the community level, leverage the role of social organizations, and see that government’s governance efforts on the one hand and society’s selfregulation and residents’ self-governance on the other reinforce each other.

(七)有效維護國家安全。國家安全是安邦定國的重要基石,維護國家安全是全國各族人民根本利益所在。要完善國家安全戰略和國家安全政策,堅決維護國家政治安全,統籌推進各項安全工作。健全國家安全體系,加強國家安全法治保障,提高防范和抵御安全風險能力。嚴密防范和堅決打擊各種滲透顛覆破壞活動、暴力恐怖活動、民族分裂活動、宗教極端活動。加強國家安全教育,增強全黨全國人民國家安全意識,推動全社會形成維護國家安全的強大合力。

7. Effectively safeguarding national security

National security is the cornerstone of peace and stability of our country, and safeguarding it is in the fundamental interests of the Chinese people of all ethnic groups. We will improve our national security strategy and policy, guarantee China’s political security, and take coordinated steps to ensure security in all areas. We will improve our national security system, strengthen rule of law measures to enhance national security, and enhance our capacity for forestalling and fending off security risks. We must rigorously protect against and take resolute measures to combat all acts of infiltration, subversion, and sabotage, as well as violent and terrorist activities, ethnic separatist activities, and religious extremist activities. We will strengthen efforts to raise awareness of national security among all Party members and all the people, and create a strong synergy of the whole society to safeguard national security.

同志們!黨的一切工作必須以最廣大人民根本利益為最高標準。我們要堅持把人民群眾的小事當作自己的大事,從人民群眾關心的事情做起,從讓人民群眾滿意的事情做起,帶領人民不斷創造美好生活!

Comrades,

Meeting the fundamental interests of all our people is the ultimate yardstick for judging all the work of our Party. The issues of concern to the people, be they big or small, should be handled with utmost care and attention. We must start with addressing issues of public concern, start with delivering the outcomes that satisfy public needs, and work without rest to lead our people in pursuing a better life.

九、加快生態文明體制改革,建設美麗中國

IX. Speeding up Reform of the System for Developing an Ecological Civilization, and Building a Beautiful China

人與自然是生命共同體,人類必須尊重自然、順應自然、?;ぷ勻?。人類只有遵循自然規律才能有效防止在開發利用自然上走彎路,人類對大自然的傷害最終會傷及人類自身,這是無法抗拒的規律。

Man and nature form a community of life; we, as human beings, must respect nature, follow its ways, and protect it. Only by observing the laws of nature can mankind avoid costly blunders in its exploitation. Any harm we inflict on nature will eventually return to haunt us. This is a reality we have to face.

我們要建設的現代化是人與自然和諧共生的現代化,既要創造更多物質財富和精神財富以滿足人民日益增長的美好生活需要,也要提供更多優質生態產品以滿足人民日益增長的優美生態環境需要。必須堅持節約優先、?;び畔?、自然恢復為主的方針,形成節約資源和?;せ肪車目占涓窬?、產業結構、生產方式、生活方式,還自然以寧靜、和諧、美麗。

The modernization that we pursue is one characterized by harmonious coexistence between man and nature. In addition to creating more material and cultural wealth to meet people’s ever-increasing needs for a better life, we need also to provide more quality ecological goods to meet people’s ever-growing demands for a beautiful environment. We should, acting on the principles of prioritizing resource conservation and environmental protection and letting nature restore itself, develop spatial layouts, industrial structures, and ways of work and life that help conserve resources and protect the environment. With this, we can restore the serenity, harmony, and beauty of nature.

(一)推進綠色發展。加快建立綠色生產和消費的法律制度和政策導向,建立健全綠色低碳循環發展的經濟體系。構建市場導向的綠色技術創新體系,發展綠色金融,壯大節能環保產業、清潔生產產業、清潔能源產業。推進能源生產和消費革命,構建清潔低碳、安全高效的能源體系。推進資源全面節約和循環利用,實施國家節水行動,降低能耗、物耗,實現生產系統和生活系統循環鏈接。倡導簡約適度、綠色低碳的生活方式,反對奢侈浪費和不合理消費,開展創建節約型機關、綠色家庭、綠色學校、綠色社區和綠色出行等行動。

1. Promoting green development

We will step up efforts to establish a legal and policy framework that promotes green production and consumption, and promote a sound economic structure that facilitates green, low-carbon, and circular development. We will create a market-based system for green technology innovation, develop green finance, and spur the development of energy-saving and environmental protection industries as well as clean production and clean energy industries. We will promote a revolution in energy production and consumption, and build an energy sector that is clean, low-carbon, safe, and efficient. We will encourage conservation across the board and promote recycling, take action to get everyone conserving water, cut consumption of energy and materials, and establish linkages between the circular use of resources and materials in industrial production and in everyday life. We encourage simple, moderate, green, and low-carbon ways of life, and oppose extravagance and excessive consumption. We will launch initiatives to make Party and government offices do better when it comes to conservation, and develop eco-friendly families, schools, communities, and transport services.

(二)著力解決突出環境問題。堅持全民共治、源頭防治,持續實施大氣污染防治行動,打贏藍天保衛戰。加快水污染防治,實施流域環境和近岸海域綜合治理。強化土壤污染管控和修復,加強農業面源污染防治,開展農村人居環境整治行動。加強固體廢棄物和垃圾處置。提高污染排放標準,強化排污者責任,健全環保信用評價、信息強制性披露、嚴懲重罰等制度。構建政府為主導、企業為主體、社會組織和公眾共同參與的環境治理體系?;斡肴蚧肪持衛?,落實減排承諾。

2. Solving prominent environmental problems

We will get everyone involved in improving the environment and address environmental issues at the root. We will continue our campaign to prevent and control air pollution to make our skies blue again. We will speed up prevention and control of water pollution, and take comprehensive measures to improve river basins and offshore areas. We will strengthen the control of soil pollution and the restoration of polluted soil, intensify the prevention and control of agricultural pollution from non-point sources, and take measures to improve rural living environments. We will improve the treatment of solid waste and garbage. We will enforce stricter pollutants discharge standards and see to it that polluters are held accountable. We will improve our systems for credibility assessment based on environmental protection performance, for mandatory release of environmental information, and for imposing severe punishment for environmental violations. We will establish an environmental governance system in which government takes the lead, enterprises assume main responsibility, and social organizations and the public also participate. We will get actively involved in global environmental governance and fulfill our commitments on emissions reduction.

(三)加大生態系統?;ちΧ?。實施重要生態系統?;ず托薷粗卮蠊こ?,優化生態安全屏障體系,構建生態廊道和生物多樣性?;ね?,提升生態系統質量和穩定性。完成生態?;ず煜?、永久基本農田、城鎮開發邊界三條控制線劃定工作??構諒袒卸?,推進荒漠化、石漠化、水土流失綜合治理,強化濕地?;ず突指?,加強地質災害防治。完善天然林?;ぶ貧?,擴大退耕還林還草。嚴格?;じ?,擴大輪作休耕試點,健全耕地草原森林河流湖泊休養生息制度,建立市場化、多元化生態補償機制。

3. Intensifying the protection of ecosystems

We will carry out major projects to protect and restore key ecosystems, improve the system of shields for ecological security, and develop ecological corridors and biodiversity protection networks, so as to strengthen the quality and stability of our ecosystems. We will complete work on drawing redlines for protecting the ecosystems, designating permanent basic cropland, and delineating boundaries for urban development. We will promote afforestation, take comprehensive steps to control desertification, stony deserts, and soil erosion, strengthen wetland conservation and restoration, and better prevent and control geological disasters. We will improve the system for protecting natural forests, and turn more marginal farmland into forests and grasslands. We will rigorously protect farmland and expand trials in crop rotation and keeping land fallow. We will improve systems for regeneration of croplands, grasslands, forests, rivers, and lakes, and set up diversified market-based mechanisms for ecological compensation.

(四)改革生態環境監管體制。加強對生態文明建設的總體設計和組織領導,設立國有自然資源資產管理和自然生態監管機構,完善生態環境管理制度,統一行使全民所有自然資源資產所有者職責,統一行使所有國土空間用途管制和生態?;ば薷粗霸?,統一行使監管城鄉各類污染排放和行政執法職責。構建國土空間開發?;ぶ貧?,完善主體功能區配套政策,建立以國家公園為主體的自然?;さ靨逑?。堅決制止和懲處破壞生態環境行為。

4. Reforming the environmental regulation system

We will strengthen overall planning, organization, and leadership for building an ecological civilization. We will establish regulatory agencies to manage state-owned natural resource assets and monitor natural ecosystems, and improve environmental management systems. These agencies will, in a unified way, perform the duties of the owner of public-owned natural resource assets, the duties of regulating the use of all territorial space and protecting and restoring ecosystems, and the duties of monitoring the discharge of all pollutants in urban and rural areas and conducting administrative law enforcement. We will establish systems for developing and protecting territorial space, improve supporting policies on functional zones, and develop a nature reserves system composed mainly of national parks. We will take tough steps to stop and punish all activities that damage the environment.

同志們!生態文明建設功在當代、利在千秋。我們要牢固樹立社會主義生態文明觀,推動形成人與自然和諧發展現代化建設新格局,為?;ど肪匙鞒鑫頤欽獯說吶?!

Comrades,

What we are doing today to build an ecological civilization will benefit generations to come. We should have a strong commitment to socialist ecological civilization and work to develop a new model of modernization with humans developing in harmony with nature. We must do our generation’s share to protect the environment.

十、堅持走中國特色強軍之路,全面推進國防和軍隊現代化

X. Staying Committed to the Chinese Path of Building Strong Armed Forces and Fully Advancing the Modernization of National Defense and the Military

國防和軍隊建設正站在新的歷史起點上。面對國家安全環境的深刻變化,面對強國強軍的時代要求,必須全面貫徹新時代黨的強軍思想,貫徹新形勢下軍事戰略方針,建設強大的現代化陸軍、海軍、空軍、火箭軍和戰略支援部隊,打造堅強高效的戰區聯合作戰指揮機構,構建中國特色現代作戰體系,擔當起黨和人民賦予的新時代使命任務。

We have reached a new historical starting point in strengthening national defense and the armed forces. Confronted with profound changes in our national security environment and responding to the demands of the day for a strong country with a strong military, we must fully implement the Party’s thinking on strengthening the military for the new era and the military strategy for new conditions, build a powerful and modernized army, navy, air force, rocket force, and strategic support force, develop strong and efficient joint operations commanding institutions for theater commands, and create a modern combat system with distinctive Chinese characteristics. Our armed forces must be up to shouldering the missions and tasks of the new era entrusted to them by the Party and the people.

適應世界新軍事革命發展趨勢和國家安全需求,提高建設質量和效益,確保到二○二○年基本實現機械化,信息化建設取得重大進展,戰略能力有大的提升。同國家現代化進程相一致,全面推進軍事理論現代化、軍隊組織形態現代化、軍事人員現代化、武器裝備現代化,力爭到二○三五年基本實現國防和軍隊現代化,到本世紀中葉把人民軍隊全面建成世界一流軍隊。

We will adapt to the trend of a new global military revolution and to national security needs; we will upgrade our military capabilities, and see that, by the year 2020, mechanization is basically achieved, IT application has come a long way, and strategic capabilities have seen a big improvement. In step with our country’s modernization process, we will modernize our military across the board in terms of theory, organizational structure, service personnel, and weaponry. We will make it our mission to see that by 2035, the modernization of our national defense and our forces is basically completed; and that by the mid-21st century our people’s armed forces have been fully transformed into world-class forces.

加強軍隊黨的建設,開展“傳承紅色基因、擔當強軍重任”主題教育,推進軍人榮譽體系建設,培養有靈魂、有本事、有血性、有品德的新時代革命軍人,永葆人民軍隊性質、宗旨、本色。繼續深化國防和軍隊改革,深化軍官職業化制度、文職人員制度、兵役制度等重大政策制度改革,推進軍事管理革命,完善和發展中國特色社會主義軍事制度。樹立科技是核心戰斗力的思想,推進重大技術創新、自主創新,加強軍事人才培養體系建設,建設創新型人民軍隊。全面從嚴治軍,推動治軍方式根本性轉變,提高國防和軍隊建設法治化水平。

We will strengthen Party building in the military. We will launch activities under the theme of “passing on the traditions of revolution; stepping up to the task of making the military strong.” We will move forward with the development of the military honors system. We will train the revolutionary officers and soldiers of a new era with faith, ability, courage, and integrity, and see that our forces forever preserve their nature, purpose, and character as the forces of the people. We will continue to deepen national defense and military reform. We will further the reform of major policy systems, including the career officers system, the system for posting civilian personnel in the military, and the military service system. We will push ahead with transformation of military management, and improve and develop our distinctively Chinese socialist military institutions. We must keep it firm in our minds that technology is the core combat capability, encourage innovations in major technologies, and conduct innovations independently. We will strengthen the system for training military personnel, and make our people’s forces more innovative. We will govern the military with strict discipline in every respect, push for a fundamental transformation in the way our military is run, and strengthen the role of rule of law in enhancing national defense and military capabilities.

軍隊是要準備打仗的,一切工作都必須堅持戰斗力標準,向能打仗、打勝仗聚焦。扎實做好各戰略方向軍事斗爭準備,統籌推進傳統安全領域和新型安全領域軍事斗爭準備,發展新型作戰力量和保障力量,開展實戰化軍事訓練,加強軍事力量運用,加快軍事智能化發展,提高基于網絡信息體系的聯合作戰能力、全域作戰能力,有效塑造態勢、管控?;?、遏制戰爭、打贏戰爭。

A military is built to fight. Our military must regard combat capability as the criterion to meet in all its work and focus on how to win when it is called on. We will take solid steps to ensure military preparedness for all strategic directions, and make progress in combat readiness in both traditional and new security fields. We will develop new combat forces and support forces, conduct military training under combat conditions, strengthen the application of military strength, speed up development of intelligent military, and improve combat capabilities for joint operations based on the network information system and the ability to fight under multi-dimensional conditions. This will enable us to effectively shape our military posture, manage crises, and deter and win wars.

堅持富國和強軍相統一,強化統一領導、頂層設計、改革創新和重大項目落實,深化國防科技工業改革,形成軍民融合深度發展格局,構建一體化的國家戰略體系和能力。完善國防動員體系,建設強大穩固的現代邊??輾?。組建退役軍人管理保障機構,維護軍人軍屬合法權益,讓軍人成為全社會尊崇的職業。深化武警部隊改革,建設現代化武裝警察部隊。

We should ensure that efforts to make our country prosperous and efforts to make our military strong go hand in hand. We will strengthen unified leadership, top-level design, reform, and innovation. We will speed up implementation of major projects, deepen reform of defense-related science, technology, and industry, achieve greater military-civilian integration, and build integrated national strategies and strategic capabilities. We will improve our national defense mobilization system, and build a strong, well-structured, and modern border defense, coastal defense, and air defense. We will establish an administration for veterans; we will protect the legitimate rights and interests of military personnel and their families; and we will make military service an occupation that enjoys public respect. We will carry out further reforms to build a modernized armed police force.

同志們!我們的軍隊是人民軍隊,我們的國防是全民國防。我們要加強全民國防教育,鞏固軍政軍民團結,為實現中國夢強軍夢凝聚強大力量!

Comrades,

Our military is the people’s military, and our national defense is the responsibility of every one of us. We must raise public awareness about the importance of national defense and strengthen unity between the government and the military and between the people and the military. Let us work together to create a mighty force for realizing the Chinese Dream and the dream of building a powerful military.

十一、堅持一國兩制,推進祖國統一

XI. Upholding “One Country, Two Systems” and Moving toward National Reunification

香港、澳門回歸祖國以來,“一國兩制”實踐取得舉世公認的成功。事實證明,“一國兩制”是解決歷史遺留的香港、澳門問題的最佳方案,也是香港、澳門回歸后保持長期繁榮穩定的最佳制度。

Since Hong Kong and Macao’s return to the motherland, the practice of “one country, two systems” in both regions has been a resounding success. The policy of “one country, two systems” has proved to be the best solution to the questions of Hong Kong and Macao, left by history, and the best institutional guarantee for the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao after their return.

保持香港、澳門長期繁榮穩定,必須全面準確貫徹“一國兩制”、“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”、高度自治的方針,嚴格依照憲法和基本法辦事,完善與基本法實施相關的制度和機制。要支持特別行政區政府和行政長官依法施政、積極作為,團結帶領香港、澳門各界人士齊心協力謀發展、促和諧,保障和改善民生,有序推進民主,維護社會穩定,履行維護國家主權、安全、發展利益的憲制責任。

To maintain long-term prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao, it is imperative to fully and faithfully implement the policies of “one country, two systems,” “the people of Hong Kong governing Hong Kong,” “the people of Macao governing Macao,” and a high degree of autonomy for both regions. It is imperative too, to act in strict compliance with China’s Constitution and the basic laws of the two special administrative regions, and to improve the systems and mechanisms for enforcing the basic laws. We will continue to support the governments and chief executives of both regions in pursuing the following endeavors: exercising law-based governance, uniting and leading the people of all sectors in an active and concerted effort to promote development and harmony, ensuring and improving people’s wellbeing, taking well-ordered steps to advance democracy, maintaining law and order, and fulfilling the constitutional responsibility of safeguarding China’s sovereignty, security, and development interests.

香港、澳門發展同內地發展緊密相連。要支持香港、澳門融入國家發展大局,以粵港澳大灣區建設、粵港澳合作、泛珠三角區域合作等為重點,全面推進內地同香港、澳門互利合作,制定完善便利香港、澳門居民在內地發展的政策措施。

The development of Hong Kong and Macao is closely tied up with that of the mainland. We will continue to support Hong Kong and Macao in integrating their own development into the overall development of the country. We will give priority to the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macao, and regional cooperation in the pan-Pearl River Delta, thus fully advancing mutually beneficial cooperation between the mainland and the two regions. We will formulate and improve policies and measures to make it more convenient for people from Hong Kong and Macao to develop careers on the mainland.

我們堅持愛國者為主體的“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”,發展壯大愛國愛港愛澳力量,增強香港、澳門同胞的國家意識和愛國精神,讓香港、澳門同胞同祖國人民共擔民族復興的歷史責任、共享祖國繁榮富強的偉大榮光。

We will remain committed to the policy for the Hong Kong people to govern Hong Kong and the Macao people to govern Macao, with patriots playing the principal role. We will develop and strengthen the ranks of patriots who love both our country and their regions, and foster greater patriotism and a stronger sense of national identity among the people in Hong Kong and Macao. With this, our compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao will share both the historic responsibility of national rejuvenation and the pride of a strong and prosperous China.

解決臺灣問題、實現祖國完全統一,是全體中華兒女共同愿望,是中華民族根本利益所在。必須繼續堅持“和平統一、一國兩制”方針,推動兩岸關系和平發展,推進祖國和平統一進程。

Resolving the Taiwan question to realize China’s complete reunification is the shared aspiration of all Chinese people, and is in the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation. We must uphold the principles of “peaceful reunification” and “one country, two systems,” work for the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, and advance the process toward the peaceful reunification of China.

一個中國原則是兩岸關系的政治基礎。體現一個中國原則的“九二共識”明確界定了兩岸關系的根本性質,是確保兩岸關系和平發展的關鍵。承認“九二共識”的歷史事實,認同兩岸同屬一個中國,兩岸雙方就能開展對話,協商解決兩岸同胞關心的問題,臺灣任何政黨和團體同大陸交往也不會存在障礙。

The one-China principle is the political foundation of cross-Straits relations. The 1992 Consensus embodies the one-China principle and defines the fundamental nature of cross-Straits relations; it thus holds the key to the peaceful development of relations between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits. Recognize the historical fact of the 1992 Consensus and that the two sides both belong to one China, and then our two sides can conduct dialogue to address through discussion the concerns of the people of both sides, and no political party or group in Taiwan will have any difficulty conducting exchanges with the mainland.

兩岸同胞是命運與共的骨肉兄弟,是血濃于水的一家人。我們秉持“兩岸一家親”理念,尊重臺灣現有的社會制度和臺灣同胞生活方式,愿意率先同臺灣同胞分享大陸發展的機遇。我們將擴大兩岸經濟文化交流合作,實現互利互惠,逐步為臺灣同胞在大陸學習、創業、就業、生活提供與大陸同胞同等的待遇,增進臺灣同胞福祉。我們將推動兩岸同胞共同弘揚中華文化,促進心靈契合。

Blood is thicker than water. People on both sides of the Taiwan Straits are brothers and sisters; we share the bond of kinship. Guided by the conviction that we are all of the same family, we respect the current social system and way of life in Taiwan and are ready to share the development opportunities on the mainland with our Taiwan compatriots first. We will expand cross-Straits economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation for mutual benefits. We will ensure that over time, people from Taiwan will enjoy the same treatment as local people when they pursue their studies, start businesses, seek jobs, or live on the mainland, thus improving the wellbeing of Taiwan compatriots. We will encourage people from both sides to work together to promote Chinese culture and forge closer bonds between them.

我們堅決維護國家主權和領土完整,絕不容忍國家分裂的歷史悲劇重演。一切分裂祖國的活動都必將遭到全體中國人堅決反對。我們有堅定的意志、充分的信心、足夠的能力挫敗任何形式的“臺獨”分裂圖謀。我們絕不允許任何人、任何組織、任何政黨、在任何時候、以任何形式、把任何一塊中國領土從中國分裂出去!

We stand firm in safeguarding China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, and will never allow the historical tragedy of national division to repeat itself. Any separatist activity is certain to meet with the resolute opposition of the Chinese people. We have the resolve, the confidence, and the ability to defeat separatist attempts for “Taiwan independence” in any form. We will never allow anyone, any organization, or any political party, at any time or in any form, to separate any part of Chinese territory from China!

同志們!實現中華民族偉大復興,是全體中國人共同的夢想。我們堅信,只要包括港澳臺同胞在內的全體中華兒女順應歷史大勢、共擔民族大義,把民族命運牢牢掌握在自己手中,就一定能夠共創中華民族偉大復興的美好未來!

Comrades,

Realizing the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a dream shared by all of us as Chinese. We remain firm in our conviction that, as long as all the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation, including our compatriots in Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan, follow the tide of history, work together for the greater national interests, and keep our nation’s destiny firmly in our own hands, we will, without doubt, be able to achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

十二、堅持和平發展道路,推動構建人類命運共同體

XII. Following a Path of Peaceful Development and Working to Build a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind

中國共產黨是為中國人民謀幸福的政黨,也是為人類進步事業而奮斗的政黨。中國共產黨始終把為人類作出新的更大的貢獻作為自己的使命。

The Communist Party of China strives for both the wellbeing of the Chinese people and human progress. To make new and greater contributions for mankind is our Party’s abiding mission.

中國將高舉和平、發展、合作、共贏的旗幟,恪守維護世界和平、促進共同發展的外交政策宗旨,堅定不移在和平共處五項原則基礎上發展同各國的友好合作,推動建設相互尊重、公平正義、合作共贏的新型國際關系。

China will continue to hold high the banner of peace, development, cooperation, and mutual benefit and uphold its fundamental foreign policy goal of preserving world peace and promoting common development. China remains firm in its commitment to strengthening friendship and cooperation with other countries on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, and to forging a new form of international relations featuring mutual respect, fairness, justice, and win-win cooperation.

世界正處于大發展大變革大調整時期,和平與發展仍然是時代主題。世界多極化、經濟全球化、社會信息化、文化多樣化深入發展,全球治理體系和國際秩序變革加速推進,各國相互聯系和依存日益加深,國際力量對比更趨平衡,和平發展大勢不可逆轉。同時,世界面臨的不穩定性不確定性突出,世界經濟增長動能不足,貧富分化日益嚴重,地區熱點問題此起彼伏,恐怖主義、網絡安全、重大傳染性疾病、氣候變化等非傳統安全威脅持續蔓延,人類面臨許多共同挑戰。

The world is undergoing major developments, transformation, and adjustment, but peace and development remain the call of our day. The trends of global multi-polarity, economic globalization, IT application, and cultural diversity are surging forward; changes in the global governance system and the international order are speeding up; countries are becoming increasingly interconnected and interdependent; relative international forces are becoming more balanced; and peace and development remain irreversible trends. And yet, as a world we face growing uncertainties and destabilizing factors. Global economic growth lacks energy; the gap between rich and poor continues to widen; hotspot issues arise often in some regions; and unconventional security threats like terrorism, cyber-insecurity, major infectious diseases, and climate change continue to spread. As human beings we have many common challenges to face.

我們生活的世界充滿希望,也充滿挑戰。我們不能因現實復雜而放棄夢想,不能因理想遙遠而放棄追求。沒有哪個國家能夠獨自應對人類面臨的各種挑戰,也沒有哪個國家能夠退回到自我封閉的孤島。

Our world is full of both hope and challenges. We should not give up on our dreams because the reality around us is too complicated; we should not stop pursuing our ideals because they seem out of our reach. No country can address alone the many challenges facing mankind; no country can afford to retreat into self-isolation.

我們呼吁,各國人民同心協力,構建人類命運共同體,建設持久和平、普遍安全、共同繁榮、開放包容、清潔美麗的世界。要相互尊重、平等協商,堅決摒棄冷戰思維和強權政治,走對話而不對抗、結伴而不結盟的國與國交往新路。要堅持以對話解決爭端、以協商化解分歧,統籌應對傳統和非傳統安全威脅,反對一切形式的恐怖主義。要同舟共濟,促進貿易和投資自由化便利化,推動經濟全球化朝著更加開放、包容、普惠、平衡、共贏的方向發展。要尊重世界文明多樣性,以文明交流超越文明隔閡、文明互鑒超越文明沖突、文明共存超越文明優越。要堅持環境友好,合作應對氣候變化,?;ず萌死嗬狄隕嫻牡厙蚣以?。

We call on the people of all countries to work together to build a community with a shared future for mankind, to build an open, inclusive, clean, and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security, and common prosperity. We should respect each other, discuss issues as equals, resolutely reject the Cold War mentality and power politics, and take a new approach to developing state-to-state relations with communication, not confrontation, and with partnership, not alliance. We should commit to settling disputes through dialogue and resolving differences through discussion, coordinate responses to traditional and non-traditional threats, and oppose terrorism in all its forms. We should stick together through thick and thin, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and make economic globalization more open, inclusive, and balanced so that its benefits are shared by all. We should respect the diversity of civilizations. In handling relations among civilizations, let us replace estrangement with exchange, clashes with mutual learning, and superiority with coexistence. We should be good friends to the environment, cooperate to tackle climate change, and protect our planet for the sake of human survival.

中國堅定奉行獨立自主的和平外交政策,尊重各國人民自主選擇發展道路的權利,維護國際公平正義,反對把自己的意志強加于人,反對干涉別國內政,反對以強凌弱。中國決不會以犧牲別國利益為代價來發展自己,也決不放棄自己的正當權益,任何人不要幻想讓中國吞下損害自身利益的苦果。中國奉行防御性的國防政策。中國發展不對任何國家構成威脅。中國無論發展到什么程度,永遠不稱霸,永遠不搞擴張。

China remains firm in pursuing an independent foreign policy of peace. We respect the right of the people of all countries to choose their own development path. We endeavor to uphold international fairness and justice, and oppose acts that impose one’s will on others or interfere in the internal affairs of others as well as the practice of the strong bullying the weak. China will never pursue development at the expense of others’ interests, but nor will China ever give up its legitimate rights and interests. No one should expect us to swallow anything that undermines our interests. China pursues a national defense policy that is in nature defensive. China’s development does not pose a threat to any other country. No matter what stage of development it reaches, China will never seek hegemony or engage in expansion.

中國積極發展全球伙伴關系,擴大同各國的利益交匯點,推進大國協調和合作,構建總體穩定、均衡發展的大國關系框架,按照親誠惠容理念和與鄰為善、以鄰為伴周邊外交方針深化同周邊國家關系,秉持正確義利觀和真實親誠理念加強同發展中國家團結合作。加強同各國政黨和政治組織的交流合作,推進人大、政協、軍隊、地方、人民團體等的對外交往。

China has actively developed global partnerships and expanded the convergence of interests with other countries. China will promote coordination and cooperation with other major countries and work to build a framework for major country relations featuring overall stability and balanced development. China will deepen relations with its neighbors in accordance with the principle of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness and the policy of forging friendship and partnership with its neighbors. China will, guided by the principle of upholding justice while pursuing shared interests and the principle of sincerity, real results, affinity, and good faith, work to strengthen solidarity and cooperation with other developing countries. We will strengthen exchanges and cooperation with the political parties and organizations of other countries, and encourage people’s congresses, CPPCC committees, the military, local governments, and people’s organizations to engage in exchanges with other countries.

中國堅持對外開放的基本國策,堅持打開國門搞建設,積極促進“一帶一路”國際合作,努力實現政策溝通、設施聯通、貿易暢通、資金融通、民心相通,打造國際合作新平臺,增添共同發展新動力。加大對發展中國家特別是最不發達國家援助力度,促進縮小南北發展差距。中國支持多邊貿易體制,促進自由貿易區建設,推動建設開放型世界經濟。

China adheres to the fundamental national policy of opening up and pursues development with its doors open wide. China will actively promote international cooperation through the Belt and Road Initiative. In doing so, we hope to achieve policy, infrastructure, trade, financial, and people-to-people connectivity and thus build a new platform for international cooperation to create new drivers of shared development. China will increase assistance to other developing countries, especially the least developed countries, and do its part to reduce the North-South development gap. China will support multilateral trade regimes and work to facilitate the establishment of free trade areas and build an open world economy.

中國秉持共商共建共享的全球治理觀,倡導國際關系民主化,堅持國家不分大小、強弱、貧富一律平等,支持聯合國發揮積極作用,支持擴大發展中國家在國際事務中的代表性和發言權。中國將繼續發揮負責任大國作用,積極參與全球治理體系改革和建設,不斷貢獻中國智慧和力量。

China follows the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration in engaging in global governance. China stands for democracy in international relations and the equality of all countries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor. China supports the United Nations in playing an active role in international affairs, and supports the efforts of other developing countries to increase their representation and strengthen their voice in international affairs. China will continue to play its part as a major and responsible country, take an active part in reforming and developing the global governance system, and keep contributing Chinese wisdom and strength to global governance.

同志們!世界命運握在各國人民手中,人類前途系于各國人民的抉擇。中國人民愿同各國人民一道,推動人類命運共同體建設,共同創造人類的美好未來!

Comrades,

The future of the world rests in the hands of the people of all countries; the future of mankind hinges on the choices they make. We, the Chinese, are ready to work with the people of all other countries to build a community with a shared future for mankind and create a bright tomorrow for all of us.

十三、堅定不移全面從嚴治黨,不斷提高黨的執政能力和領導水平

XIII. Exercising Strict Governance over the Party and Improving the Party’s Ability to Govern and Lead

中國特色社會主義進入新時代,我們黨一定要有新氣象新作為。打鐵必須自身硬。黨要團結帶領人民進行偉大斗爭、推進偉大事業、實現偉大夢想,必須毫不動搖堅持和完善黨的領導,毫不動搖把黨建設得更加堅強有力。

As socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, our Party must get a new look and make new accomplishments. As the saying goes, it takes a good blacksmith to make good steel. For the Party to unite the people and lead them in carrying out our great struggle, advancing our great cause, and realizing our great dream, we must unwaveringly uphold and improve Party leadership and make the Party still stronger.

全面從嚴治黨永遠在路上。一個政黨,一個政權,其前途命運取決于人心向背。人民群眾反對什么、痛恨什么,我們就要堅決防范和糾正什么。全黨要清醒認識到,我們黨面臨的執政環境是復雜的,影響黨的先進性、弱化黨的純潔性的因素也是復雜的,黨內存在的思想不純、組織不純、作風不純等突出問題尚未得到根本解決。要深刻認識黨面臨的執政考驗、改革開放考驗、市場經濟考驗、外部環境考驗的長期性和復雜性,深刻認識黨面臨的精神懈怠危險、能力不足危險、脫離群眾危險、消極腐敗危險的尖銳性和嚴峻性,堅持問題導向,保持戰略定力,推動全面從嚴治黨向縱深發展。

Ensuring Party self-governance is exercised fully and strictly is a journey to which there’s no end. The future of a political party or a government is determined by whether it enjoys public support. We must guard against and correct with resolve the practices the people oppose and resent. The whole Party must be soberly aware that the governance environment our Party faces is complex, and that so too are the factors undermining the Party’s advanced nature and purity; prominent problems of impurity in thinking, organization, and conduct in the Party have not been solved root and branch. We must fully recognize the long-term and complex nature of the tests confronting the Party as they relate to governance, reform and opening up, the market economy, and the external environment. We must also fully recognize the intensity and severity of the dangers of a lack of drive, incompetence, disengagement from the people, inaction, and corruption. So we must focus on solving problems, maintain strategic resolve, and ensure strict Party self-governance.

新時代黨的建設總要求是:堅持和加強黨的全面領導,堅持黨要管黨、全面從嚴治黨,以加強黨的長期執政能力建設、先進性和純潔性建設為主線,以黨的政治建設為統領,以堅定理想信念宗旨為根基,以調動全黨積極性、主動性、創造性為著力點,全面推進黨的政治建設、思想建設、組織建設、作風建設、紀律建設,把制度建設貫穿其中,深入推進反腐敗斗爭,不斷提高黨的建設質量,把黨建設成為始終走在時代前列、人民衷心擁護、勇于自我革命、經得起各種風浪考驗、朝氣蓬勃的馬克思主義執政黨。

The general requirements for Party building for the new era are:

 Uphold and strengthen overall Party leadership and ensure that the Party exercises effective self-supervision and practices strict self-governance in every respect;

 Take strengthening the Party’s long-term governance capacity and its advanced nature and purity as the main thrust; take enhancing the Party’s political building as the overarching principle; take holding dear the Party’s ideals, convictions, and purpose as the underpinning; and take harnessing the whole Party’s enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity as the focus of efforts;

 Make all-round efforts to see the Party’s political building enhanced, its theory strengthened, its organizations consolidated, its conduct improved, and its discipline enforced, with institution building incorporated into every aspect of Party building;

 Step up efforts to combat corruption and continue to improve the efficacy of Party building;

 Build the Party into a vibrant Marxist governing party that is always at the forefront of the times, enjoys the wholehearted support of the people, has the courage to reform itself, and is able to withstand all tests.

(一)把黨的政治建設擺在首位。旗幟鮮明講政治是我們黨作為馬克思主義政黨的根本要求。黨的政治建設是黨的根本性建設,決定黨的建設方向和效果。保證全黨服從中央,堅持黨中央權威和集中統一領導,是黨的政治建設的首要任務。全黨要堅定執行黨的政治路線,嚴格遵守政治紀律和政治規矩,在政治立場、政治方向、政治原則、政治道路上同黨中央保持高度一致。要尊崇黨章,嚴格執行新形勢下黨內政治生活若干準則,增強黨內政治生活的政治性、時代性、原則性、戰斗性,自覺抵制商品交換原則對黨內生活的侵蝕,營造風清氣正的良好政治生態。完善和落實民主集中制的各項制度,堅持民主基礎上的集中和集中指導下的民主相結合,既充分發揚民主,又善于集中統一。弘揚忠誠老實、公道正派、實事求是、清正廉潔等價值觀,堅決防止和反對個人主義、分散主義、自由主義、本位主義、好人主義,堅決防止和反對宗派主義、圈子文化、碼頭文化,堅決反對搞兩面派、做兩面人。全黨同志特別是高級干部要加強黨性鍛煉,不斷提高政治覺悟和政治能力,把對黨忠誠、為黨分憂、為黨盡職、為民造福作為根本政治擔當,永葆共產黨人政治本色。

1. Putting the Party’s political building first

Taking a clear political stand is the fundamental requirement our Party must meet as a Marxist party. The Party’s political building is of fundamental importance to the Party as it determines the direction and efficacy of Party building. The primary task of political Party building is to ensure that the whole Party obeys the Central Committee and upholds its authority and centralized, unified leadership. All Party members must closely follow the Party’s political line, strictly observe its political discipline and rules, and closely align themselves with the Central Committee in terms of political stance, direction, principle, and path. Every member of the Party must hold the Party Constitution in great reverence, act in strict accordance with the code of conduct for intraparty political life under new circumstances, and make intraparty activities more politically oriented, up-to-date, principled, and effective. We must guard against the rules of business dealings eroding intraparty conduct, and foster a healthy political atmosphere of integrity within the Party. We must improve and implement the systems of democratic centralism, and practice both democracy-based centralism and centralism-guided democracy. This means we should both give full play to democracy and practice centralism on this basis. We must foster values like loyalty, honesty, impartiality, adherence to fact, and integrity; guard against and oppose self-centered behavior, decentralism, behavior in disregard of the rules, a silo mentality, unprincipled nice-guyism, and sectarianism, factionalism, and patronage. We must resolutely oppose

double-dealing and duplicity. All Party members, especially high-ranking officials, must strengthen their Party consciousness, political awareness, and political ability. We must regard it as our fundamental political responsibility to be loyal to the Party, share the Party’s concerns, fulfill our obligations to the Party, and work for the people’s wellbeing, and forever preserve the political character of Communists.

(二)用新時代中國特色社會主義思想武裝全黨。思想建設是黨的基礎性建設。革命理想高于天。共產主義遠大理想和中國特色社會主義共同理想,是中國共產黨人的精神支柱和政治靈魂,也是保持黨的團結統一的思想基礎。要把堅定理想信念作為黨的思想建設的首要任務,教育引導全黨牢記黨的宗旨,挺起共產黨人的精神脊梁,解決好世界觀、人生觀、價值觀這個“總開關”問題,自覺做共產主義遠大理想和中國特色社會主義共同理想的堅定信仰者和忠實實踐者。弘揚馬克思主義學風,推進“兩學一做”學習教育常態化制度化,以縣處級以上領導干部為重點,在全黨開展“不忘初心、牢記使命”主題教育,用黨的創新理論武裝頭腦,推動全黨更加自覺地為實現新時代黨的歷史使命不懈奮斗。

2. Arming the whole Party with the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era

Theory is fundamental to Party building. Our revolutionary ideals soar beyond the skies. The noble ideal of Communism and the shared ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics are our source of strength and political soul as Chinese Communists; they also form the theoretical foundation of Party solidarity and unity. Our top priority in building the Party through theory is to stay true to our ideals and convictions. We should make all Party members keep firmly in mind the Party’s purpose, have unwavering convictions as Communists, resolve the fundamental issue of the worldview, outlook on life, and values we should embrace, and maintain deep belief in and faithfully practice Communism and socialism with Chinese characteristics. We will foster a Marxist style of learning, and make it regular practice and an institutionalized requirement for all Party members to gain a good command of the Party Constitution, Party regulations, and related major policy addresses and to meet Party standards. We will launch a campaign on the theme of “staying true to our founding mission” to enable all Party members, especially officials at and above the county and director level, to arm themselves with the Party’s new theories and become more purposeful in working tirelessly to accomplish the Party’s historic mission in the new era.

(三)建設高素質專業化干部隊伍。黨的干部是黨和國家事業的中堅力量。要堅持黨管干部原則,堅持德才兼備、以德為先,堅持五湖四海、任人唯賢,堅持事業為上、公道正派,把好干部標準落到實處。堅持正確選人用人導向,匡正選人用人風氣,突出政治標準,提拔重用牢固樹立“四個意識”和“四個自信”、堅決維護黨中央權威、全面貫徹執行黨的理論和路線方針政策、忠誠干凈擔當的干部,選優配強各級領導班子。注重培養專業能力、專業精神,增強干部隊伍適應新時代中國特色社會主義發展要求的能力。大力發現儲備年輕干部,注重在基層一線和困難艱苦的地方培養鍛煉年輕干部,源源不斷選拔使用經過實踐考驗的優秀年輕干部。統籌做好培養選拔女干部、少數民族干部和黨外干部工作。認真做好離退休干部工作。堅持嚴管和厚愛結合、激勵和約束并重,完善干部考核評價機制,建立激勵機制和容錯糾錯機制,旗幟鮮明為那些敢于擔當、踏實做事、不謀私利的干部撐腰鼓勁。各級黨組織要關心愛護基層干部,主動為他們排憂解難。

3. Training a contingent of competent and professional officials

Party officials are a central pillar of strength for the cause of our Party and country. We must adhere to the principle of the Party supervising officials; select officials on the basis of both integrity and ability, with priority given to integrity, and on the basis of merit regardless of background; and ensure that those who are dedicated, impartial, and upright should be appointed. We must implement in earnest the criteria for evaluating good officials. In selecting and appointing officials, we must adopt the right approach, with emphasis on political performance. We will promote and put in important positions those Party officials who do well according to the following criteria: they maintain political integrity, think in terms of the big picture, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central Party leadership; they have full confidence in the path, theory, system, and culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics; they uphold the authority of the Central Committee and faithfully follow the Party’s theories, lines, principles, and policies; and they are loyal to the Party, have moral integrity, and demonstrate a keen sense of responsibility. We will strengthen leadership teams at all levels by appointing competent officials. We will take seriously the development of specialized expertise and professionalism, and enhance Party officials’ ability to meet the requirements of developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. We will work harder to identify promising young officials and get them well prepared for future jobs. We will focus on their practical training in local communities, in work on the frontline, and in areas where conditions are harsh, and work to produce a constant stream of outstanding young officials who have passed the test of practice. We will ensure coordinated training and selection of female officials, officials from ethnic minorities, and non-Party officials. We will ensure that retired officials are well taken care of. We will be both strict and caring, and place equal emphasis on providing incentives and imposing constraints. We will improve the performance assessment and evaluation system for officials, institute incentive mechanisms and mechanisms to allow for and address errors, and take a clear stand in supporting officials who are willing to assume responsibility, who take a down-to-earth approach in their work, and who do not seek personal gain. Party organizations at every level should care about officials working at the primary level, and help solve the problems and difficulties they encounter.

人才是實現民族振興、贏得國際競爭主動的戰略資源。要堅持黨管人才原則,聚天下英才而用之,加快建設人才強國。實行更加積極、更加開放、更加有效的人才政策,以識才的慧眼、愛才的誠意、用才的膽識、容才的雅量、聚才的良方,把黨內和黨外、國內和國外各方面優秀人才集聚到黨和人民的偉大奮斗中來,鼓勵引導人才向邊遠貧困地區、邊疆民族地區、革命老區和基層一線流動,努力形成人人渴望成才、人人努力成才、人人皆可成才、人人盡展其才的良好局面,讓各類人才的創造活力競相迸發、聰明才智充分涌流。

People with talent are a strategic resource for China as it endeavors to achieve national rejuvenation and stay ahead in international competition. We must follow the principle of the Party exercising leadership over personnel, assemble the best minds across the land and draw fully on their expertise, and step up efforts to make China a talent-strong country. We will pursue a more proactive, open, and effective policy on training competent professionals. We should value people with talent, be good at identifying talent, have the foresight to employ them, be earnest to keep them, and welcome them into our ranks. This will better enable us to attract bright people from both within and outside the Party and both in China and abroad to join us in pursuing the great endeavor of the Party and the people. We will encourage and guide people with talent to work in remote poor areas, border areas with mainly ethnic minority populations, and old revolutionary base areas, as well as in communities and on the frontlines. We will work to foster a positive environment in which everyone wants, strives, and is able to excel themselves, and can do full justice to their talents. With this, we aim to see that in every field the creativity of talent is given great expression and their ingenuity and expertise flow freely.

(四)加強基層組織建設。黨的基層組織是確保黨的路線方針政策和決策部署貫徹落實的基礎。要以提升組織力為重點,突出政治功能,把企業、農村、機關、學校、科研院所、街道社區、社會組織等基層黨組織建設成為宣傳黨的主張、貫徹黨的決定、領導基層治理、團結動員群眾、推動改革發展的堅強戰斗堡壘。黨支部要擔負好直接教育黨員、管理黨員、監督黨員和組織群眾、宣傳群眾、凝聚群眾、服務群眾的職責,引導廣大黨員發揮先鋒模范作用。堅持“三會一課”制度,推進黨的基層組織設置和活動方式創新,加強基層黨組織帶頭人隊伍建設,擴大基層黨組織覆蓋面,著力解決一些基層黨組織弱化、虛化、邊緣化問題。擴大黨內基層民主,推進黨務公開,暢通黨員參與黨內事務、監督黨的組織和干部、向上級黨組織提出意見和建議的渠道。注重從產業工人、青年農民、高知識群體中和在非公有制經濟組織、社會組織中發展黨員。加強黨內激勵關懷幫扶。增強黨員教育管理針對性和有效性,穩妥有序開展不合格黨員組織處置工作。

4. Strengthening primary-level Party organizations

Primary-level Party organizations do the groundwork to ensure the Party’s lines, principles, policies, decisions, and plans are implemented. We will work to ensure that primary-level Party organizations in enterprises, villages, Party and government departments, schools, research institutes, sub-districts, communities, and social organizations play a key role in communicating the Party’s propositions, carrying out the Party’s decisions, overseeing community-level social governance, uniting and mobilizing the people, and promoting reform and development. In doing so, we will focus on improving the organizational capability of primary-level Party organizations and give priority to enhancing their political functions. Party branches should fulfill their responsibilities for directly guiding, managing, and overseeing their members and for organizing, communicating with, uniting, and serving the people. They should encourage their members to play an exemplary role. We must practice the system of holding Party branch general meetings, meetings of Party branch committees, Party group meetings, and Party lectures. We will develop new ways for setting up primary-level Party organizations and for them to carry out their activities, strengthen the training of their heads, and expand their reach. We must work harder to address the problems that some primary-level Party organizations are weak, ineffective, and marginalized. We will expand intraparty democracy at the primary level, make Party affairs more

transparent, and ensure channels are open for Party members to participate in Party affairs, oversee Party organizations and officials, and submit opinions and suggestions to the Party organization at the next level up. We will do more to recruit new Party members from among industrial workers, young people working in agriculture, well-educated groups, and people working in non-public economic entities and social organizations. We will give more incentives, solicitude, and assistance to Party members. We will make our guidance and management of Party members better targeted and more effective, and handle Party members that don’t meet the mark in a prudent and orderly way.

(五)持之以恒正風肅紀。我們黨來自人民、植根人民、服務人民,一旦脫離群眾,就會失去生命力。加強作風建設,必須緊緊圍繞保持黨同人民群眾的血肉聯系,增強群眾觀念和群眾感情,不斷厚植黨執政的群眾基礎。凡是群眾反映強烈的問題都要嚴肅認真對待,凡是損害群眾利益的行為都要堅決糾正。堅持以上率下,鞏固拓展落實中央八項規定精神成果,繼續整治“四風”問題,堅決反對特權思想和特權現象。重點強化政治紀律和組織紀律,帶動廉潔紀律、群眾紀律、工作紀律、生活紀律嚴起來。堅持開展批評和自我批評,堅持懲前毖后、治病救人,運用監督執紀“四種形態”,抓早抓小、防微杜漸。賦予有干部管理權限的黨組相應紀律處分權限,強化監督執紀問責。加強紀律教育,強化紀律執行,讓黨員、干部知敬畏、存戒懼、守底線,習慣在受監督和約束的環境中工作生活。

5. Working ceaselessly to improve Party conduct and enforce Party discipline

Our Party comes from the people, has its roots among the people, and is dedicated to serving the people. Once the Party becomes disengaged from the people, it will lose its vitality. In improving Party conduct, we must focus on maintaining the Party’s close bond with the people, keep them firmly in mind, develop a closer affinity with them, and keep working to foster stronger public support for the Party’s governance. We must earnestly address all issues the people are strongly concerned about, and resolutely correct any behavior that undermines the people’s interests. Our Party officials should lead by example in consolidating and building on the advances made in implementing the central Party leadership’s eight-point decision on improving Party and government conduct. We should continue to address the practice of formalities for formalities’ sake, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance, and oppose mindsets and acts of privilege seeking. We will focus on strengthening the enforcement of political and organizational discipline, and use this to prompt stricter observance of discipline on upholding integrity, on interacting with the people, and regarding work and life. We will continue to carry out criticism and self-criticism in keeping with the principle of learning from mistakes to prevent recurrence and treating the illness to save the patient. We will conduct four forms of oversight over discipline compliance, identify problems early and correct them while they are nascent. Party organizations with the power to supervise officials will be given corresponding power to take disciplinary action as called for, and accountability for overseeing discipline compliance will be tightened up on. We will raise Party members’ awareness of discipline and strengthen discipline enforcement, and demand that Party members and officials hold discipline in awe and respect, do not cross the line, and become used to working and living under oversight and constraints.

(六)奪取反腐敗斗爭壓倒性勝利。人民群眾最痛恨腐敗現象,腐敗是我們黨面臨的最大威脅。只有以反腐敗永遠在路上的堅韌和執著,深化標本兼治,保證干部清正、政府清廉、政治清明,才能跳出歷史周期率,確保黨和國家長治久安。當前,反腐敗斗爭形勢依然嚴峻復雜,鞏固壓倒性態勢、奪取壓倒性勝利的決心必須堅如磐石。要堅持無禁區、全覆蓋、零容忍,堅持重遏制、強高壓、長震懾,堅持受賄行賄一起查,堅決防止黨內形成利益集團。在市縣黨委建立巡察制度,加大整治群眾身邊腐敗問題力度。不管腐敗分子逃到哪里,都要緝拿歸案、繩之以法。推進反腐敗國家立法,建設覆蓋紀檢監察系統的檢舉舉報平臺。強化不敢腐的震懾,扎牢不能腐的籠子,增強不想腐的自覺,通過不懈努力換來海晏河清、朗朗乾坤。

6. Securing a sweeping victory in the fight against corruption

The people resent corruption most; and corruption is the greatest threat our Party faces. We must have the resolve and tenacity to persevere in the never-ending fight against corruption. Only by intensifying efforts to address both the symptoms and root causes of corruption—by making sure that officials are honest, government is clean, and political affairs are handled with integrity—can we avoid history’s cycle of rise and fall and ensure the long-term stability of the Party and the country. Currently, the fight against corruption remains grave and complex; we must remain as firm as a rock in our resolve to build on the overwhelming momentum and secure a sweeping victory. We will continue to see that there are no no-go zones, no ground is left unturned, and no tolerance is shown for corruption. We will impose tight constraints, maintain a tough stance and a long-term deterrence, punish both those who take bribes and those who offer them, and prevent interest groups from arising within the Party. We will institute a system of disciplinary inspection for city and county level Party committees in an intensified effort to address corruption that occurs on the people’s doorsteps. Wherever offenders may flee, they will be brought back and brought to justice. We will work for the adoption of national anti-corruption legislation and create a corruption reporting platform that covers both disciplinary inspection commissions and supervision agencies. We will strengthen deterrence so officials don’t dare to, strengthen the cage of institutions so they’re unable to, and strengthen their vigilance so they have no desire to commit acts of corruption. Our political environment will, through tireless efforts, like seas fallen calm and rivers running clear, be clean and free of corruption.

(七)健全黨和國家監督體系。增強黨自我凈化能力,根本靠強化黨的自我監督和群眾監督。要加強對權力運行的制約和監督,讓人民監督權力,讓權力在陽光下運行,把權力關進制度的籠子。強化自上而下的組織監督,改進自下而上的民主監督,發揮同級相互監督作用,加強對黨員領導干部的日常管理監督。深化政治巡視,堅持發現問題、形成震懾不動搖,建立巡視巡察上下聯動的監督網。深化國家監察體制改革,將試點工作在全國推開,組建國家、省、市、縣監察委員會,同黨的紀律檢查機關合署辦公,實現對所有行使公權力的公職人員監察全覆蓋。制定國家監察法,依法賦予監察委員會職責權限和調查手段,用留置取代“兩規”措施。改革審計管理體制,完善統計體制。構建黨統一指揮、全面覆蓋、權威高效的監督體系,把黨內監督同國家機關監督、民主監督、司法監督、群眾監督、輿論監督貫通起來,增強監督合力。

7. Improving Party and state oversight systems

To improve the Party’s ability to purify itself, it is essential that we strengthen Party self-supervision and subject ourselves to public oversight. We must strengthen checks on and oversight over the exercise of power, and ensure that power is exercised under public oversight, in broad daylight, and in an institutional cage. We will strengthen top-down organizational oversight, improve bottom-up democratic oversight, practice peer oversight, and tighten regular supervision over Party members in positions of leadership. We will intensify political inspection to identify problems and ensure that deterrence works; we will establish an oversight network that facilitates coordination in disciplinary inspections conducted at different levels. We will deepen reform of the national supervision system, conduct trials throughout the country, and establish supervisory commissions at the national, provincial, prefectural, and county levels, which work together with the Party’s disciplinary inspection commissions as one office while keeping their own identity. This will ensure that supervision covers everyone working in the public sector who exercises public power. A national supervision law will be formulated. Supervisory commissions will be given responsibilities, powers, and means of investigation in accordance with law. The practice of  shuanggui  will be replaced by detention. We will reform the auditing management system and improve the statistics system. We will establish an authoritative, efficient oversight system with complete coverage under the Party’s unified command; and integrate intraparty oversight with oversight by state organs, democratic oversight, judicial oversight, public oversight, and oversight through public opinion. All this will create a powerful synergy for conducting oversight.

(八)全面增強執政本領。領導十三億多人的社會主義大國,我們黨既要政治過硬,也要本領高強。要增強學習本領,在全黨營造善于學習、勇于實踐的濃厚氛圍,建設馬克思主義學習型政黨,推動建設學習大國。增強政治領導本領,堅持戰略思維、創新思維、辯證思維、法治思維、底線思維,科學制定和堅決執行黨的路線方針政策,把黨總攬全局、協調各方落到實處。增強改革創新本領,保持銳意進取的精神風貌,善于結合實際創造性推動工作,善于運用互聯網技術和信息化手段開展工作。增強科學發展本領,善于貫徹新發展理念,不斷開創發展新局面。增強依法執政本領,加快形成覆蓋黨的領導和黨的建設各方面的黨內法規制度體系,加強和改善對國家政權機關的領導。增強群眾工作本領,創新群眾工作體制機制和方式方法,推動工會、共青團、婦聯等群團組織增強政治性、先進性、群眾性,發揮聯系群眾的橋梁紐帶作用,組織動員廣大人民群眾堅定不移跟黨走。增強狠抓落實本領,堅持說實話、謀實事、出實招、求實效,把雷厲風行和久久為功有機結合起來,勇于攻堅克難,以釘釘子精神做實做細做好各項工作。增強駕馭風險本領,健全各方面風險防控機制,善于處理各種復雜矛盾,勇于戰勝前進道路上的各種艱難險阻,牢牢把握工作主動權。

8. Strengthening every dimension of our ability for governance

To lead a large socialist country of more than 1.3 billion people, our Party must be both politically strong and highly competent. We should be good at learning. We will foster a strong atmosphere of learning and practicing in the Party, and build our Party into a Marxist learning party. We will nurture a love of learning in our people. We should be good at exercising political leadership. We should adopt a strategic perspective, and develop creative thinking and a dialectical approach to thinking; we should think in terms of the rule of law, and think about worst-case scenarios. We should formulate sound Party lines, principles, and policies and resolutely implement them, ensuring that the Party exercises overall leadership and coordinates work in all areas. We should be good reformers and pioneers. We should be enterprising, work creatively in light of actual conditions, and adeptly apply information technology, including the internet, in our work. We should be good at promoting sound development. We should effectively put into practice the new development philosophy, and continue to break new ground in development. We should be good at exercising law-based governance. We will act more quickly to put in place a system of Party rules and regulations that covers all aspects of Party leadership and Party building, and strengthen and improve Party leadership over bodies of state power.

We should be good at engaging with the people. We will develop new systems, mechanisms, ways, and means for this work. We will urge trade unions, Chinese Communist Youth League organizations, women’s federations, and other people’s organizations to strengthen their political consciousness, become more advanced, and better represent the people; to play their role as bridges linking the Party with the people; and to organize and motivate the people to follow the Party. We should be good at implementing policy. We should be open and frank, take effective measures to address real issues, and seek good outcomes. We should be ready both to act resolutely and swiftly and to make sustained efforts to tackle tough issues head-on. We should have the perseverance to hammer away until a task is done, and make concrete, meticulous, and effective efforts in all our work. We should be good at managing risks. We will improve risk prevention and control mechanisms in all areas, skillfully handle various complex issues, overcome all difficulties and obstacles that we meet on our way, and keep a firm hold on the initiative in our work.

同志們!偉大的事業必須有堅強的黨來領導。只要我們黨把自身建設好、建設強,確保黨始終同人民想在一起、干在一起,就一定能夠引領承載著中國人民偉大夢想的航船破浪前進,勝利駛向光輝的彼岸!

Comrades,

A great cause calls for leadership of a strong party. As long as our Party keeps itself competent and strong, always remains true to the people’s aspiration and works in concert with the people, we can and will navigate the great ship bearing the great dream of the Chinese people to conquer the waves and reach our destination.

同志們!中華民族是歷經磨難、不屈不撓的偉大民族,中國人民是勤勞勇敢、自強不息的偉大人民,中國共產黨是敢于斗爭、敢于勝利的偉大政黨。歷史車輪滾滾向前,時代潮流浩浩蕩蕩。歷史只會眷顧堅定者、奮進者、搏擊者,而不會等待猶豫者、懈怠者、畏難者。全黨一定要保持艱苦奮斗、戒驕戒躁的作風,以時不我待、只爭朝夕的精神,奮力走好新時代的長征路。全黨一定要自覺維護黨的團結統一,保持黨同人民群眾的血肉聯系,鞏固全國各族人民大團結,加強海內外中華兒女大團結,團結一切可以團結的力量,齊心協力走向中華民族偉大復興的光明前景。

Comrades,

The Chinese nation is a great nation; it has been through hardships and adversity but remains indomitable. The Chinese people are a great people; they are industrious and brave; and they never pause in the pursuit of progress. The Communist Party of China is a great party; it has the courage to fight and the mettle to win. The wheels of history roll on; the tides of the times are vast and mighty. History looks kindly on those with resolve, with drive and ambition, and with plenty of guts; it won’t wait for the hesitant, the apathetic, or those shy of a challenge. All of us in the Party must work hard and live simply, guard against arrogance and impetuosity; and lose no time in progressing along the long march of the new era. We must conscientiously safeguard the solidarity and unity of the Party, maintain the Party’s deep bond with the people, and strengthen the great unity of the Chinese people of all ethnic groups and the great unity of all the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation at home and abroad. We must unite all the forces that can be united and work as one to progress toward the brilliant future of national rejuvenation.

青年興則國家興,青年強則國家強。青年一代有理想、有本領、有擔當,國家就有前途,民族就有希望。中國夢是歷史的、現實的,也是未來的;是我們這一代的,更是青年一代的。中華民族偉大復興的中國夢終將在一代代青年的接力奮斗中變為現實。全黨要關心和愛護青年,為他們實現人生出彩搭建舞臺。廣大青年要堅定理想信念,志存高遠,腳踏實地,勇做時代的弄潮兒,在實現中國夢的生動實踐中放飛青春夢想,在為人民利益的不懈奮斗中書寫人生華章!

A nation will prosper only when its young people thrive; a country will be full of hope and have a great tomorrow only when its younger generations have ideals, ability, and a strong sense of responsibility. The Chinese Dream is a dream about history, the present, and the future. It is a dream of our generation, but even more so, a dream of the younger generations. The Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation will be realized ultimately through the endeavors of young people, generation by generation. All of us in the Party should care about young people and set the stage for them to excel. To all our young people, you should have firm ideals and convictions, aim high, and have your feet firmly on the ground. You should ride the waves of your day; and in the course of realizing the Chinese Dream, fulfill your youthful dreams, and write a vivid chapter in your tireless endeavors to serve the interests of the people.

大道之行,天下為公。站立在九百六十多萬平方公里的廣袤土地上,吸吮著五千多年中華民族漫長奮斗積累的文化養分,擁有十三億多中國人民聚合的磅礴之力,我們走中國特色社會主義道路,具有無比廣闊的時代舞臺,具有無比深厚的歷史底蘊,具有無比強大的前進定力。全黨全國各族人民要緊密團結在黨中央周圍,高舉中國特色社會主義偉大旗幟,銳意進取,埋頭苦干,為實現推進現代化建設、完成祖國統一、維護世界和平與促進共同發展三大歷史任務,為決勝全面建成小康社會、奪取新時代中國特色社會主義偉大勝利、實現中華民族偉大復興的中國夢、實現人民對美好生活的向往繼續奮斗!

A just cause should be pursued for the common good. Rooted in a land of more than 9.6 million square kilometers, nourished by a nation’s culture of more than 5,000 years, and backed by the invincible force of more than 1.3 billion people, we have an infinitely vast stage of our era, a historical heritage of unmatched depth, and incomparable resolve that enable us to forge ahead on the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We, the entire Party and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups, should rally closely around the Party Central Committee, and hold high the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We should keep on working with great determination to accomplish the three historic tasks of advancing modernization, realizing China’s reunification, and preserving world peace and promoting common development; we should secure a decisive victory in finishing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, strive for the great success of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation, and see that our people realize their aspirations for a better life.

--完--

-The End-

  

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